Global Burden of Childhood Epilepsy, Intellectual Disability, and Sensory Impairments

Olusanya, B, Wright, S, Nair,, MKC, Boo, Nem-Yun, Halpern, R, Kuper, H, Abubakar,, A, Almasri,, N, Arabloo,, J, Backhaus,, S
et al (show 23 more authors) (2020) Global Burden of Childhood Epilepsy, Intellectual Disability, and Sensory Impairments. Pediatrics, 146 (1). e20192623-.

Access the full-text of this item by clicking on the Open Access link.
[img] Text
e20192623.full.pdf - Published version

Download (4MB) | Preview


BACKGROUND: Estimates of children and adolescents with disabilities worldwide are needed to inform global intervention under the disability-inclusive provisions of the Sustainable Development Goals. We sought to update the most widely reported estimate of 93 million children <15 years with disabilities from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2004. METHODS: We analyzed Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 data on the prevalence of childhood epilepsy, intellectual disability, and vision or hearing loss and on years lived with disability (YLD) derived from systematic reviews, health surveys, hospital and claims databases, cohort studies, and disease-specific registries. Point estimates of the prevalence and YLD and the 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs) around the estimates were assessed. RESULTS: Globally, 291.2 million (11.2%) of the 2.6 billion children and adolescents (95% UI: 249.9–335.4 million) were estimated to have 1 of the 4 specified disabilities in 2017. The prevalence of these disabilities increased with age from 6.1% among children aged <1 year to 13.9% among adolescents aged 15 to 19 years. A total of 275.2 million (94.5%) lived in low- and middle-income countries, predominantly in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The top 10 countries accounted for 62.3% of all children and adolescents with disabilities. These disabilities accounted for 28.9 million YLD or 19.9% of the overall 145.3 million (95% UI: 106.9–189.7) YLD from all causes among children and adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: The number of children and adolescents with these 4 disabilities is far higher than the 2004 estimate, increases from infancy to adolescence, and accounts for a substantial proportion of all-cause YLD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Global Research on Developmental Disabilities Collaborators (GRDDC), Humans, Hearing Loss, Epilepsy, Blindness, Prevalence, Adolescent, Child, Child, Preschool, Infant, Female, Male, Young Adult, Intellectual Disability, Global Burden of Disease
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2020 15:28
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:03
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2019-2623
Open Access URL:
Related URLs: