Genetic influence of <i>ABCG2, UGT1A1</i> and <i>NR1I2</i> on dolutegravir plasma pharmacokinetics

Elliot, Emilie R, Neary, Megan ORCID: 0000-0002-4960-2139, Else, Laura, Khoo, Saye ORCID: 0000-0002-2769-0967, Moyle, Graeme, Carr, Daniel F, Wang, Xinzhu, Mcclure, Myra, Boffito, Marta and Owen, Andrew ORCID: 0000-0002-9819-7651
(2020) Genetic influence of <i>ABCG2, UGT1A1</i> and <i>NR1I2</i> on dolutegravir plasma pharmacokinetics. JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY, 75 (5). pp. 1259-1266.

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<h4>Objectives</h4>Dolutegravir has replaced efavirenz as first-line treatment in universal HIV guidelines. We sought to ascertain the contributory effect of SNPs in four key genes linked to dolutegravir disposition (UGT1A1, ABCG2, CYP3A and NR1I2) on plasma dolutegravir pharmacokinetics.<h4>Methods</h4>Paired pharmacogenetic/pharmacokinetic data from 93 subjects were analysed for association using multivariate linear regression.<h4>Results</h4>Co-occurring UGT1*28 and NR1I2 c.63396C>T homozygosity was associated with a 79% increase in AUC0-24 (P = 0.001; 27% if analysed individually), whilst combined ABCG2 c.421C>A and NR1I2 c.63396C>T variants were associated with a 43% increase in Cmax (P = 0.002) and a 39% increase in AUC0-24 (P = 0.002). When analysed individually, homozygosity for the NR1I2 c.63396C>T variant alleles was associated with a 28% increase in Cmax (P = 0.033) and homozygosity for the ABCG2 c.421C>A variant alleles was associated with a 28% increase in Cmax (P = 0.047). The UGT1A1*28 (rs8175347) poor metabolizer status (*28/*28; *28/*37; *37/*37) was individually associated with a 27% increase in AUC0-24 (P = 0.020). The combination of UGT1A1*28 poor metabolizer and UGT1A1*6 intermediate metabolizer statuses correlated with a 43% increase in AUC0-24 (P = 0.023).<h4>Conclusions</h4>This study showed a pharmacogenetic association between dolutegravir pharmacokinetics and variants in the ABCG2, UGT1A1 and NR1I2 genes, particularly when combined. Further research is warranted to confirm these associations in population-specific studies and to investigate their putative relationship with dolutegravir pharmacodynamics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Oxazines, Piperazines, Pyridones, Heterocyclic Compounds, 3-Ring, Neoplasm Proteins, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2, Pregnane X Receptor
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2020 15:40
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2023 11:45
DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkz558
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