Determining the Level and Location of Functional Groups on Few-Layer Graphene and Their Effect on the Mechanical Properties of Nanocomposites.



Legge, Elizabeth J, Paton, Keith R, Wywijas, Magdalena, McMahon, Greg, Pemberton, Rory, Kumar, Naresh, Aranga Raju, Arun Prakash, Dawson, Craig P, Strudwick, Andrew J, Bradley, James W
et al (show 5 more authors) (2020) Determining the Level and Location of Functional Groups on Few-Layer Graphene and Their Effect on the Mechanical Properties of Nanocomposites. ACS applied materials & interfaces.

[img] Text
Legge_Functional_groups_on_FLG.docx - Accepted Version

Download (7MB)

Abstract

Graphene is a highly desirable material for a variety of applications; in the case of nanocomposites, it can be functionalized and added as a nanofiller to alter the ultimate product properties, such as tensile strength. However, often the material properties of the functionalized graphene and the location of any chemical species, attached via different functionalization processes, are not known. Thus, it is not necessarily understood why improvements in product performance are achieved, which hinders the rate of product development. Here, a commercially available powder containing few-layer graphene (FLG) flakes is characterized before and after plasma or chemical functionalization with either nitrogen or oxygen species. A range of measurement techniques, including tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS), time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS), and NanoSIMS, were used to examine the physical and chemical changes in the FLG material at both the micro- and nanoscale. This is the first reported TERS imaging of commercially available FLG flakes of submicron lateral size, revealing the location of the defects (edge versus basal plane) and variations in the level of functionalization. Graphene-polymer composites were then produced, and the dispersion of the graphitic material in the matrix was visualized using ToF-SIMS. Finally, mechanical testing of the composites demonstrated that the final product performance could be enhanced but differed depending on the properties of the original graphitic material.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2020 10:37
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2022 07:22
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.9b22144
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3078736