Umbrella review of strategies to improve uptake of screening programmes

Hyseni, L, Maden, M ORCID: 0000-0003-4419-6343, Boland, A ORCID: 0000-0002-5435-8644, Kypridemos, C ORCID: 0000-0002-0746-9229, Collins, B and O'Flaherty, M ORCID: 0000-0001-8944-4131
(2019) Umbrella review of strategies to improve uptake of screening programmes. .

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<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:sec> <jats:title>Introduction</jats:title> <jats:p>High participation rates in screening programmes targeting non-communicable diseases are instrumental in achieving full screening benefits; however, screening programmes remain underused, especially among vulnerable populations. We conducted an umbrella review to assess the type of approaches screening programmes use to maximise uptake, the effectiveness of the approaches and the impact on equity.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title>Methods</jats:title> <jats:p>Electronic databases were searched (1999-2019) for systematic reviews on approaches aimed at improving uptake of screening programmes for adults in middle- and high-income countries, with participation rate as the primary outcome. A narrative synthesis was undertaken to present the results by strategy, screening programme and strength of evidence. This study was registered in PROSPERO [CRD42019132087].</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title>Results</jats:title> <jats:p>In total, 3,059 records were identified, and 82 systematic reviews were included. Preliminary findings suggest contradictory evidence, and effectiveness appears to depend on the disease screened for and specific program implementation. Invitation methods including letters and direct reminders seem to work universally. However, combined approaches using access-enhancing, individual- and system-directed strategies seem to be more effective than single approaches such as invitation methods alone. Few studies evaluated the impact on equity.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title>Conclusions</jats:title> <jats:p>Strategies to improve uptake of screening programmes have the potential to be effective. However, there are many components within the system, either at individual, health care professional or health care system level that can influence uptake of screening programmes. Within each screening programme, it is likely that a range of interventions is needed to improve the uptake as opposed to a single intervention.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title>Key messages</jats:title> <jats:p>Improving uptake of screening programmes is a complex issue with many factors influencing the process. A range of interventions is favoured over single interventions.</jats:p> </jats:sec>

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Unspecified)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health Services, Clinical Research, 3 Good Health and Well Being
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2020 10:50
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2024 19:00
DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckz185.653
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