Exploring mental health needs and services among affected population in a cyclone affected area in costal Bangladesh: a qualitative case study

Hasan, M ORCID: 0000-0002-3256-093X, Adhikary, Gourab, Mahmood, Sultan, Papri, Nowshin, Shihab, Hasan M, Kasujja, Rosco, Ahmed, Helal Uddin, Azad, Abul Kalam and Nasreen, Mahbuba
(2020) Exploring mental health needs and services among affected population in a cyclone affected area in costal Bangladesh: a qualitative case study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEMS, 14 (1). 12-.

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<h4>Background</h4>Bangladesh, one of the most densely populated countries in the world has been ranked 9th on the Climate Risk Index for 2017: the 10 most affected countries & 7th on the Long-Term Climate Risk Index: the 10 countries most affected from 1998 to 2017. Every year it is afflicted with various climatic disasters including floods, hurricanes and cyclones. Apart from the obvious devastation of lives and property, there is a huge increase in clinical diseases when these disasters occur. Mental health of affected persons after these disasters is a topic that is often neglected by local and national level.<h4>Methods</h4>A qualitative case study was conducted on perceived need on mental health support & availability of such services in a cyclone affected area in rural Bangladesh. Ten (10) key informant interviews (KIIs) with different stakeholders and ten (10) in-depth interviews (IDIs) with affected people were taken.<h4>Findings</h4>We found that cyclones had numerous psychosocial impacts on the population including acute stress disorder, sleep disorder, post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSDs), generalized anxiety disorders, suicidal ideation and depression. The survivors had specific needs for receiving support. Children, elderly and women were perceived to be more vulnerable. The government and NGOs had no specific action plans and initiatives to address these issues and support the mental health of affected population. There was a visible gap in finding effective ways to provide affected people with the required mental health & psycho-social services (MHPSS).<h4>Conclusion</h4>Resilient, responsive and self-sustaining health systems for this vulnerable population are required. Implementation of effective mental health programs and strong mental health policies remain a challenge in Bangladesh where there is a cultural fatalistic acceptance of mental health issues.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Natural disaster, Mental health, Perceived need for support, Coastal population, Bangladesh, Qualitative findings
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2020 10:23
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 23:55
DOI: 10.1186/s13033-020-00351-0
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3082104