Protocol for the derivation and validation of a clinical prediction model to support the diagnosis of asthma in children and young people in primary care



Daines, Luke ORCID: 0000-0003-0564-4000, Bonnett, Laura, Boyd, Andy, Turner, Steve ORCID: 0000-0001-8393-5060, Lewis, Steff ORCID: 0000-0003-1210-2314, Sheikh, Aziz ORCID: 0000-0001-7022-3056 and Pinnock, Hilary
(2020) Protocol for the derivation and validation of a clinical prediction model to support the diagnosis of asthma in children and young people in primary care.

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Abstract

Background: Accurately diagnosing asthma can be challenging. Uncertainty about the best combination of clinical features and investigations for asthma diagnosis is reflected in conflicting recommendations from international guidelines. One solution could be a clinical prediction model to support health professionals estimate the probability of an asthma diagnosis. However, systematic review evidence identifies that existing models for asthma diagnosis are at high risk of bias and unsuitable for clinical use. Being mindful of previous limitations, this protocol describes plans to derive and validate a prediction model for use by healthcare professionals to aid diagnostic decision making during assessment of a child or young person with symptoms suggestive of asthma in primary care. Methods: A prediction model will be derived using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) and linked primary care electronic health records (EHR). Data will be included from study participants up to 25 years of age where permissions exist to use their linked EHR. Participants will be identified as having asthma if they received at least three prescriptions for an inhaled corticosteroid within a one-year period and have an asthma code in their EHR. To deal with missing data we will consider conducting a complete case analysis. However, if the exclusion of cases with missing data substantially reduces the total sample size, multiple imputation will be used. A multivariable logistic regression model will be fitted with backward stepwise selection of candidate predictors.  Apparent model performance will be assessed before internal validation using bootstrapping techniques. The model will be adjusted for optimism before external validation in a dataset created from the Optimum Patient Care Research Database. Discussion: This protocol describes a robust strategy for the derivation and validation of a prediction model to support the diagnosis of asthma in children and young people in primary care.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2020 10:12
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2020 08:50
DOI: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15751.1
URI: http://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3083158