Genomic and phylogenetic analysis ofSalmonellaTyphimurium and its monophasic variants responsible for invasive endemic infections in Colombia



Li, Yan ORCID: 0000-0002-7480-9545, Pulford, Caisey, Díaz, Paula, Perez-Sepulveda, Blanca ORCID: 0000-0002-2891-4010, Duarte, Carolina, Predeus, Alexander ORCID: 0000-0002-2750-1599, Wiesner, Magdalena, Heavens, Darren ORCID: 0000-0001-5418-7868, Low, Ross, Schudoma, Christian
et al (show 5 more authors) (2019) Genomic and phylogenetic analysis ofSalmonellaTyphimurium and its monophasic variants responsible for invasive endemic infections in Colombia.

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Abstract

Abstract Salmonellosis is an endemic human infection, associated with both sporadic cases and outbreaks throughout Colombia. Typhimurium is the most common Colombian serovar of Salmonella enterica , responsible for 32.5% of the Salmonella infections. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) is being used increasingly in Europe and the USA to study the epidemiology of Salmonella , but there has not yet been a WGS-based analysis of Salmonella associated with bloodstream infection in Colombia. Here, we analysed 209 genome sequences of Colombian S . Typhimurium and monophasic S . 4,[5],12:i:-isolates from Colombia from 1999 to 2017. We used a core genome-based maximum likelihood tree to define seven distinct clusters which were predominantly Sequence Type (ST) 19 isolates. We also identified the first ST313 and monophasic ST34 isolates to be reported in Colombia. The history of each cluster was reconstructed with a Bayesian tree to reveal a timeline of evolution. Cluster 7 was closely related to European multidrug-resistant (MDR) DT104. Cluster 4 became the dominant variant of Salmonella in 2016, and resistance to nalidixic acid was associated with a plasmid-encoded qnrB19 gene. Our findings suggest multiple transfers of S . Typhimurium between Europe and Colombia. Author summary The large-scale genome sequencing of Salmonella Typhimurium and monophasic Salmonella 4,[5],12:i:-involved bloodstream isolates from Colombia. The two serovars were responsible for about 1/3 of Salmonella infections in Colombia in the past 20 years. To identify the population structure we used Whole Genome Sequencing, performed in silico sequence typing, obtained phylogenetic trees, inferred the evolutionary history, detected the plasmids and prophages, and associated the antibiotic resistance (AMR) genotype with phenotype. Different clusters showed temporal replacement. The Colombian sequence type 313 was distinct from African lineages due to the absence of a key virulence-related gene, bstA . One of the Colombian clusters is likely to belong to the global epidemic of DT104, according to the evolutionary history and the AMR profile. The most common cluster in recent years was resistant to nalidixic acid and carried a plasmid-mediated antibiotic resistant gene qnrB19 . Our findings will inform the ongoing efforts to combat Salmonellosis by Colombian public health departments.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 07 May 2020 10:08
Last Modified: 11 May 2021 07:27
DOI: 10.1101/588608
Open Access URL: https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/588608v1
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3086358