Monitoring coastal morphology: the potential of low-cost fixed array action cameras for 3D reconstruction

Godfrey, Samantha, Cooper, James ORCID: 0000-0003-4957-2774, Bezombes, Frederic and Plater, Andrew ORCID: 0000-0001-7043-227X
(2020) Monitoring coastal morphology: the potential of low-cost fixed array action cameras for 3D reconstruction. EARTH SURFACE PROCESSES AND LANDFORMS, 45 (11). pp. 2478-2494.

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<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>The combination of structure‐from‐motion with multi‐view stereo (SfM‐MVS) photogrammetry has become an increasingly popular method for the monitoring and three‐dimensional (3D) reconstruction of coastal environments. Climate change is driving the potential for increased coastal landward retreat meaning geomorphological monitoring using methods such as SfM‐MVS has become essential for detecting and tracking impacts. SfM‐MVS has been well‐researched with a variety of platforms and spatial and temporal resolutions using mainly rectilinear digital cameras in coastal settings. However, there has been no assessment of the potential of fixed multi‐camera arrays to monitor landward retreat or on the significance of camera placement in relation to the scene. This study presents an innovative method of image acquisition using a purpose‐built camera grid and GoPro© action camera to evaluate the combined effects of camera height, obliqueness and overlap at a site of known landward retreat. This approach examines the effect of camera placement on scene reconstruction to aid the design of a multi‐camera array. SfM‐MVS dense point clouds display millimetre accuracy when compared to equivalent terrestrial laser scans and strong image network geometry with internal precision estimates of &lt; 3 mm. Comparable point cloud reconstruction can be achieved with a small number of images stationed in appropriate positions. Initial results show as few as five images positioned at a cliff to camera ratio of 3:4.18 and camera obliqueness of 40° can provide reconstruction in the range of millimetres (mean error of 4.79 mm). These findings illustrate the importance of camera placement when using multiple cameras and aid the design of a low‐cost, fixed multi‐camera array for use at sites of small‐scale landward retreat. © 2020 The Authors. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms published by John Wiley &amp; Sons Ltd</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: action camera, coastal erosion, coastal monitoring, image optimization, structure-from-motion photogrammetry, 3D reconstruction
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 11 May 2020 10:36
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2023 19:57
DOI: 10.1002/esp.4892
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