Electrophysiological responses to regularity show specificity to global form: The case of Glass patterns

Rampone, Giulia ORCID: 0000-0002-2710-688X and Makin, Alexis DJ ORCID: 0000-0002-4490-7400
(2020) Electrophysiological responses to regularity show specificity to global form: The case of Glass patterns. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 52 (3). pp. 3032-3046.

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The holographic weight of evidence model (van der Helm & Leeuwenberg, J Math Psychol, 35, 1991, 151; van der Helm & Leeuwenberg, Psychol Rev, 103, 1996, 429) estimates that the perceptual goodness of moiré structures (Glass patterns), irrespective of their global form, is comparable to that of reflection symmetry. However, both behavioural and neuroscience evidences suggest that certain Glass forms (i.e. circular and radial structures) are perceptually more salient than others (i.e. translation structures) and may recruit different perceptual mechanisms. In this study, we tested whether brain responses for circular, radial and translation Glass patterns are comparable to the response for onefold bilateral reflection symmetry. We recorded an event-related potential (ERP), called the sustained posterior negativity (SPN), which has been shown to index perceptual goodness of a range of regularities. We found that circular and radial Glass patterns generated a comparable SPN amplitude to onefold reflection symmetry (in line with the prediction of the holographic model), starting approx. 180 ms after stimulus onset. Conversely, the SPN response to translation Glass patterns had a longer latency (approx. 400 ms). These results show that Glass patterns are a special case of visual regularity, and perceptual goodness may not be fully explained by the holographic identities that constitute it. Specialised processing mechanisms might exist in the regularity-sensitive extrastriate areas, which are tuned to global form configurations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ERPs, Glass patterns, global representation, holographic model, perceptual goodness, visual symmetry
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 14 May 2020 15:47
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 23:51
DOI: 10.1111/ejn.14709
Open Access URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/e...
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3087381