Kalanchoe PPC1 Is Essential for Crassulacean Acid Metabolism and the Regulation of Core Circadian Clock and Guard Cell Signaling Genes([CC-BY])

Boxall, Susanna F, Kadu, Nirja, Dever, Louisa V ORCID: 0000-0001-7801-5622, Knerova, Jana, Waller, Jade L, Gould, Peter JD and Hartwell, James ORCID: 0000-0001-5000-223X
(2020) Kalanchoe PPC1 Is Essential for Crassulacean Acid Metabolism and the Regulation of Core Circadian Clock and Guard Cell Signaling Genes([CC-BY]). The Plant Cell, 32 (4). pp. 1136-1160.

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Unlike C3 plants, Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) plants fix CO2 in the dark using phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PPC; EC PPC combines phosphoenolpyruvate with CO2 (as HCO3−), forming oxaloacetate. The oxaloacetate is converted to malate, leading to malic acid accumulation in the vacuole, which peaks at dawn. During the light period, malate decarboxylation concentrates CO2 around Rubisco for secondary fixation. CAM mutants lacking PPC have not been described. Here, we employed RNA interference to silence the CAM isogene PPC1 in Kalanchoë laxiflora. Line rPPC1-B lacked PPC1 transcripts, PPC activity, dark period CO2 fixation, and nocturnal malate accumulation. Light period stomatal closure was also perturbed, and the plants displayed reduced but detectable dark period stomatal conductance and arrhythmia of the CAM CO2 fixation circadian rhythm under constant light and temperature free-running conditions. By contrast, the rhythm of delayed fluorescence was enhanced in plants lacking PPC1. Furthermore, a subset of gene transcripts within the central circadian oscillator was upregulated and oscillated robustly in this line. The regulation of guard cell genes involved in controlling stomatal movements was also perturbed in rPPC1-B. These findings provide direct evidence that the regulatory patterns of key guard cell signaling genes are linked with the characteristic inverse pattern of stomatal opening and closing during CAM.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kalanchoe, Carbon Dioxide, Malates, Starch, Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxylase, Ion Channels, RNA, Messenger, Signal Transduction, Gene Expression Regulation, Plant, RNA Interference, Genes, Plant, Solubility, Light, Plant Stomata, Stress, Physiological, Droughts, Circadian Clocks, Sugars, Crassulacean Acid Metabolism
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 15 May 2020 10:33
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 23:51
DOI: 10.1105/tpc.19.00481
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3087401