Collectivity in the light radon nuclei measured directly via Coulomb excitation



Gaffney, LP ORCID: 0000-0002-2938-3696, Robinson, AP, Jenkins, DG, Andreyev, AN, Bender, M, Blazhev, A, Bree, N, Bruyneel, B, Butler, PA, Cocolios, TE
et al (show 42 more authors) (2015) Collectivity in the light radon nuclei measured directly via Coulomb excitation. PHYSICAL REVIEW C, 91 (6). 064313-.

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Abstract

Background: Shape coexistence in heavy nuclei poses a strong challenge to state-of-the-art nuclear models, where several competing shape minima are found close to the ground state. A classic region for investigating this phenomenon is in the region around $Z=82$ and the neutron mid-shell at $N=104$. Purpose: Evidence for shape coexistence has been inferred from $\alpha$-decay measurements, laser spectroscopy and in-beam measurements. While the latter allow the pattern of excited states and rotational band structures to be mapped out, a detailed understanding of shape coexistence can only come from measurements of electromagnetic matrix elements. Method: Secondary, radioactive ion beams of $^{202}$Rn and $^{204}$Rn were studied by means of low-energy Coulomb excitation at the REX-ISOLDE facility in CERN. Results: The electric-quadrupole ($E2$) matrix element connecting the ground state and first-excited $2^{+}_{1}$ state was extracted for both $^{202}$Rn and $^{204}$Rn, corresponding to ${B(E2;2^{+}_{1} \to 2^{+}_{1})=29^{+8}_{-8}}$ W.u. and $43^{+17}_{-12}$ W.u., respectively. Additionally, $E2$ matrix elements connecting the $2^{+}_{1}$ state with the $4^{+}_{1}$ and $2^{+}_{2}$ states were determined in $^{202}$Rn. No excited $0^{+}$ states were observed in the current data set, possibly due to a limited population of second-order processes at the currently-available beam energies. Conclusions: The results are discussed in terms of collectivity and the deformation of both nuclei studied is deduced to be weak, as expected from the low-lying level-energy schemes. Comparisons are also made to state-of-the-art beyond-mean-field model calculations and the magnitude of the transitional quadrupole moments are well reproduced.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 12 pages, 14 figures
Uncontrolled Keywords: nucl-ex, nucl-ex
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2020 07:46
Last Modified: 30 May 2023 00:57
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.91.064313
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3089515