A full-field 3D Digital Image Correlation and Modelling Technique to Characterise Anterior Cruciate Ligament Mechanics ex vivo

Readioff, Rosti ORCID: 0000-0003-4887-9635, Geraghty, Brendan ORCID: 0000-0003-0561-6667, Comerford, Eithne ORCID: 0000-0002-5244-6042 and Elsheikh, Ahmed ORCID: 0000-0001-7456-1749
(2020) A full-field 3D Digital Image Correlation and Modelling Technique to Characterise Anterior Cruciate Ligament Mechanics ex vivo. Acta Biomaterialia, 113. pp. 417-428.

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It is limiting to use conventional methods when characterising material properties of complex biological tissues with inhomogeneous and anisotropic structure, such as the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee joint. This study aims to develop and utilise a three-dimensional digital image correlation method (3D DIC) for the purpose of determining material properties of femur-ACL-tibia complex across the surface without any contact between the tissue and the loading equipment. A full-field (360° view) 3D DIC test setup consisting of six digital single-lens reflex cameras was developed and ACL specimens from skeletally mature dog knee joints were tested. The six cameras were arranged into three pairs and the cameras within each pair were positioned with 25° in between to obtain the desired stereovision output. The test setup was calibrated twice: first to obtain the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters within camera pairs, and second to align the 3D surfaces from each camera pair in order to generate the full view of the ACLs. Using the undeformed 3D surfaces of the ligaments, ACL-specific finite element models were generated. Longitudinal deformation of ligaments under tensile loads obtained from the 3D DIC, and this was analysed to serve as input for the inverse finite element analysis. As a result, hyperelastic coefficients from the first-order Ogden model that characterise ACL behaviour were determined with a marginal error of <1.5%. This test setup and methodology provides a means to accurately determine inhomogeneous and anisotropic material properties of ACL. The methodology described in this study could be adopted to investigate other biological and cultured tissues with complex structure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anterior cruciate ligament, Three-dimensional digital image correlation, Finite element model, Inverse finite element analysis, Viscoelastic properties
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2020 07:54
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 23:47
DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2020.07.003
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3092618