A scientometric analysis of birth cohorts in South Asia: Way forward for Pakistan

Waqas, Ahmed ORCID: 0000-0002-3772-194X, Zafar, Shamsa, Lawlor, Deborah A, Wright, John, Hafeez, Assad, Ahmad, Ikhlaq, Sikander, Siham ORCID: 0000-0002-0223-7234 and Rahman, Atif ORCID: 0000-0002-2066-4467
(2020) A scientometric analysis of birth cohorts in South Asia: Way forward for Pakistan. PLOS ONE, 15 (7). e0235385-.

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The present study aims to: a) systematically map the of birth cohort studies from the South Asian region b) examine the major research foci and landmark contributions from these cohorts using reproducible scientometric techniques and c) offer recommendations on establishing new birth cohorts in Pakistan, building upon the strengths, weaknesses and gaps of previous cohorts. Bibliographic records for a total of 260 articles, published during through December 2018, were retrieved from the Web of Science (core database). All data were analysed using Microsoft Excel (2013), Web of Science platform and CiteSpace. A series of network analysis were then run for each time-period using the link reduction method and pathfinder network scaling. The co-cited articles were clustered into their homogeneous research clusters. The clusters were named using the Latent Semantic Indexing (LSI) method that utilized author keywords as source of names for these clusters. The scientometric analyses of original research output from these birth cohorts also paint a pessimistic landscape in Pakistan- where Pakistani sites for birth cohorts contributed only 31 publications; a majority of these utilized the MAL-ED birth cohort data. A majority of original studies were published from birth cohorts in India (156), Bangladesh (63), and Nepal (15). Out of these contributions, 31 studies reported data from multiple countries. The three major birth cohorts include prospective and multi-country MAL-ED birth cohort and The Pakistan Early Childhood Development Scale Up Trial, and a retrospective Maternal and infant nutrition intervention cohort. In addition to these, a few small-scale birth cohorts reported findings pertaining to neonatal sepsis, intrauterine growth retardation and its effects on linear growth of children and environmental enteropathy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Cohort Studies, Longitudinal Studies, Cooperative Behavior, Parturition, Geography, Science, Research, Publications, Bibliometrics, Pakistan
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2020 09:24
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 23:46
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0235385
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3093642