Fast Bayesian approach for modal identification using free vibration data, Part I - Most probable value

Zhang, Feng-Liang, Ni, Yan-Chun, Au, Siu-Kui ORCID: 0000-0002-0228-1796 and Lam, Heung-Fai
(2016) Fast Bayesian approach for modal identification using free vibration data, Part I - Most probable value. MECHANICAL SYSTEMS AND SIGNAL PROCESSING, 70-71. pp. 209-220.

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The identification of modal properties from field testing of civil engineering structures is becoming economically viable, thanks to the advent of modern sensor and data acquisition technology. Its demand is driven by innovative structural designs and increased performance requirements of dynamic-prone structures that call for a close cross-checking or monitoring of their dynamic properties and responses. Existing instrumentation capabilities and modal identification techniques allow structures to be tested under free vibration, forced vibration (known input) or ambient vibration (unknown broadband loading). These tests can be considered complementary rather than competing as they are based on different modeling assumptions in the identification model and have different implications on costs and benefits. Uncertainty arises naturally in the dynamic testing of structures due to measurement noise, sensor alignment error, modeling error, etc. This is especially relevant in field vibration tests because the test condition in the field environment can hardly be controlled. In this work, a Bayesian statistical approach is developed for modal identification using the free vibration response of structures. A frequency domain formulation is proposed that makes statistical inference based on the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) of the data in a selected frequency band. This significantly simplifies the identification model because only the modes dominating the frequency band need to be included. It also legitimately ignores the information in the excluded frequency bands that are either irrelevant or difficult to model, thereby significantly reducing modeling error risk. The posterior probability density function (PDF) of the modal parameters is derived rigorously from modeling assumptions and Bayesian probability logic. Computational difficulties associated with calculating the posterior statistics, including the most probable value (MPV) and the posterior covariance matrix, are addressed. Fast computational algorithms for determining the MPV are proposed so that the method can be practically implemented. In the companion paper (Part II), analytical formulae are derived for the posterior covariance matrix so that it can be evaluated without resorting to finite difference method. The proposed method is verified using synthetic data. It is also applied to modal identification of full-scale field structures.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Free vibration, Bayesian, FFT, Modal identification, Field test
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2020 08:17
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 23:37
DOI: 10.1016/j.ymssp.2015.05.031
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