Migraine polygenic risk score associates with efficacy of migraine-specific drugs



Kogelman, Lisette JA, Esserlind, Ann-Louise, Christensen, Anne Francke, Awasthi, Swapnil, Ripke, Stephan, Ingason, Andres, Davidsson, Olafur B, Erikstrup, Christian, Hjalgrim, Henrik, Ullum, Henrik
et al (show 85 more authors) (2019) Migraine polygenic risk score associates with efficacy of migraine-specific drugs. Neurology Genetics, 5 (6).

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Abstract

Objective To assess whether the polygenic risk score (PRS) for migraine is associated with acute and/or prophylactic migraine treatment response. Methods We interviewed 2,219 unrelated patients at the Danish Headache Center using a semistructured interview to diagnose migraine and assess acute and prophylactic drug response. All patients were genotyped. A PRS was calculated with the linkage disequilibrium pred algorithm using summary statistics from the most recent migraine genome-wide association study comprising ∼375,000 cases and controls. The PRS was scaled to a unit corresponding to a twofold increase in migraine risk, using 929 unrelated Danish controls as reference. The association of the PRS with treatment response was assessed by logistic regression, and the predictive power of the model by area under the curve using a case-control design with treatment response as outcome. Results A twofold increase in migraine risk associates with positive response to migraine-specific acute treatment (odds ratio [OR] = 1.25 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.05–1.49]). The association between migraine risk and migraine-specific acute treatment was replicated in an independent cohort consisting of 5,616 triptan users with prescription history (OR = 3.20 [95% CI = 1.26–8.14]). No association was found for acute treatment with non–migraine-specific weak analgesics and prophylactic treatment response. Conclusions The migraine PRS can significantly identify subgroups of patients with a higher-than-average likelihood of a positive response to triptans, which provides a first step toward genetics-based precision medicine in migraine.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2020 08:04
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2021 01:36
DOI: 10.1212/NXG.0000000000000364
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3099137