Distributed Minimum Vertex Coloring and Maximum Independent Set in Chordal Graphs



Konrad, Christian and Zamaraev, Viktor ORCID: 0000-0001-5755-4141
(2018) Distributed Minimum Vertex Coloring and Maximum Independent Set in Chordal Graphs. .

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Abstract

We give deterministic distributed $(1+\epsilon)$-approximation algorithms for Minimum Vertex Coloring and Maximum Independent Set on chordal graphs in the LOCAL model. Our coloring algorithm runs in $O(\frac{1}{\epsilon} \log n)$ rounds, and our independent set algorithm has a runtime of $O(\frac{1}{\epsilon}\log(\frac{1}{\epsilon})\log^* n)$ rounds. For coloring, existing lower bounds imply that the dependencies on $\frac{1}{\epsilon}$ and $\log n$ are best possible. For independent set, we prove that $O(\frac{1}{\epsilon})$ rounds are necessary. Both our algorithms make use of a tree decomposition of the input chordal graph. They iteratively peel off interval subgraphs, which are identified via the tree decomposition of the input graph, thereby partitioning the vertex set into $O(\log n)$ layers. For coloring, each interval graph is colored independently, which results in various coloring conflicts between the layers. These conflicts are then resolved in a separate phase, using the particular structure of our partitioning. For independent set, only the first $O( \log \frac{1}{\epsilon})$ layers are required as they already contain a large enough independent set. We develop a $(1+\epsilon)$-approximation maximum independent set algorithm for interval graphs, which we then apply to those layers. This work raises the question as to how useful tree decompositions are for distributed computing.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Unspecified)
Uncontrolled Keywords: cs.DS, cs.DS
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2020 08:11
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2022 11:55
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3100219