Heterogeneous Verification of an Autonomous Curiosity Rover



Cardoso, Rafael ORCID: 0000-0001-6666-6954, Farrell, Marie ORCID: 0000-0001-7708-3877, Luckcuck, Matt ORCID: 0000-0002-6444-9312, Ferrando, Angelo ORCID: 0000-0002-8711-4670 and Fisher, michael ORCID: 0000-0002-0875-3862
(2020) Heterogeneous Verification of an Autonomous Curiosity Rover. In: 12th International Symposium on NASA Formal Methods, 2020-05-11 - 2020-05-15, Moffett Field, CA, USA.

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Abstract

The Curiosity rover is one of the most complex systems successfully deployed in a planetary exploration mission to date. It was sent by NASA to explore the surface of Mars and to identify potential signs of life. Even though it has limited autonomy on-board, most of its decisions are made by the ground control team. This hinders the speed at which the Curiosity reacts to its environment, due to the communication delays between Earth and Mars. Depending on the orbital position of both planets, it can take 4–24 min for a message to be transmitted between Earth and Mars. If the Curiosity were controlled autonomously, it would be able to perform its activities much faster and more flexibly. However, one of the major barriers to increased use of autonomy in such scenarios is the lack of assurances that the autonomous behaviour will work as expected. In this paper, we use a Robot Operating System (ROS) model of the Curiosity that is simulated in Gazebo and add an autonomous agent that is responsible for high-level decision-making. Then, we use a mixture of formal and non-formal techniques to verify the distinct system components (ROS nodes). This use of heterogeneous verification techniques is essential to provide guarantees about the nodes at different abstraction levels, and allows us to bring together relevant verification evidence to provide overall assurance.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Unspecified)
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2020 08:43
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2022 11:44
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-55754-6_20
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3100545