Impact of multimorbidity and polypharmacy on the management of patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from the BALKAN-AF survey



Koziel, Monika, Simovic, Stefan, Pavlovic, Nikola, Kocijancic, Aleksandar, Paparisto, Vilma, Music, Ljilja, Trendafilova, Elina, Dan, Anca Rodica, Kusljugic, Zumreta, Dan, Gheorghe-Andrei
et al (show 3 more authors) (2020) Impact of multimorbidity and polypharmacy on the management of patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from the BALKAN-AF survey. ANNALS OF MEDICINE.

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Abstract

Objective We investigated the impact of multimorbidity and polypharmacy on the management of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients in clinical practice and assessed factors associated with polypharmacy and oral anticoagulation (OAC) use in AF patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy. Methods A 14-week prospective study of consecutive non-valvular AF patients was performed in seven Balkan countries. Results Of 2712 consecutive patients, 2263 patients (83.4%) had multimorbidity (AF + ≥2 concomitant diseases) and 1505 patients (55.5%) had polypharmacy. 1416 (52.2%) patients had both multimorbidity and polypharmacy. Overall, 1164 (82.2%) patients received OAC, 200 (14.1%) patients received antiplatelet drugs alone and 52 (3.7%) patients had no antithrombotic therapy (AT). Non-emergency centre and paroxysmal AF were significantly associated with OAC non-use in patients with multimorbidity, whilst age ≥80 years and non-emergency centre were identified to be independent predictors of OAC non-use in patients with polypharmacy. Conclusions Multimorbidity and polypharmacy were common among AF patients in our study. AT was suboptimal and approximately 18% of multimorbid patients with polypharmacy were not anticoagulated. Pattern of AF and non-emergency centre were associated with OAC non-use in AF patients with multimorbidity, whilst non-emergency centre and age ≥80 years were associated with OAC non-use in AF patients with polypharmacy. Key Message Multimorbidity and polypharmacy are common among patients with AF. Antithrombotic therapy was suboptimal in AF patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy. Approximately, 18% of multimorbid patients with polypharmacy were not anticoagulated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atrial fibrillation, BALKAN-AF survey, multimorbidity, polypharmacy
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2020 07:23
Last Modified: 26 May 2021 04:10
DOI: 10.1080/07853890.2020.1799241
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3101113