Broad and strong memory CD4(+)and CD8(+)T cells induced by SARS-CoV-2 in UK convalescent individuals following COVID-19

Peng, Yanchun, Mentzer, Alexander J, Liu, Guihai, Yao, Xuan, Yin, Zixi, Dong, Danning, Dejnirattisai, Wanwisa, Rostron, Timothy, Supasa, Piyada, Liu, Chang
et al (show 56 more authors) (2020) Broad and strong memory CD4(+)and CD8(+)T cells induced by SARS-CoV-2 in UK convalescent individuals following COVID-19. NATURE IMMUNOLOGY, 21 (11). pp. 1336-1345.

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The development of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccines and therapeutics will depend on understanding viral immunity. We studied T cell memory in 42 patients following recovery from COVID-19 (28 with mild disease and 14 with severe disease) and 16 unexposed donors, using interferon-γ-based assays with peptides spanning SARS-CoV-2 except ORF1. The breadth and magnitude of T cell responses were significantly higher in severe as compared with mild cases. Total and spike-specific T cell responses correlated with spike-specific antibody responses. We identified 41 peptides containing CD4+ and/or CD8+ epitopes, including six immunodominant regions. Six optimized CD8+ epitopes were defined, with peptide–MHC pentamer-positive cells displaying the central and effector memory phenotype. In mild cases, higher proportions of SARS-CoV-2-specific CD8+ T cells were observed. The identification of T cell responses associated with milder disease will support an understanding of protective immunity and highlights the potential of including non-spike proteins within future COVID-19 vaccine design.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oxford Immunology Network Covid-19 Response T cell Consortium, ISARIC4C Investigators, CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Humans, Pneumonia, Viral, Coronavirus Infections, Viral Vaccines, Antigens, Viral, Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte, Immunodominant Epitopes, Immunologic Memory, Pandemics, Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus, United Kingdom, Betacoronavirus, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19 Vaccines
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2020 08:04
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 23:33
DOI: 10.1038/s41590-020-0782-6
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