HLA DaB1*15:01-DQB1*06:02-Restricted Human CD4+T Cells Are Selectively Activated With Amoxicillin-Peptide Adducts

Tailor, Arun, Meng, Xiaoli ORCID: 0000-0002-7774-2075, Adair, Kareena ORCID: 0000-0001-9884-2094, Farrell, John ORCID: 0000-0002-8726-5997, Waddington, James C ORCID: 0000-0003-2641-5055, Daly, Ann, Pirmohamed, Munir ORCID: 0000-0002-7534-7266, Dear, Gordon, Park, B Kevin ORCID: 0000-0001-8384-824X and Naisbitt, Dean J
(2020) HLA DaB1*15:01-DQB1*06:02-Restricted Human CD4+T Cells Are Selectively Activated With Amoxicillin-Peptide Adducts. TOXICOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 178 (1). pp. 115-126.

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Amoxicillin-clavulanate is the most common cause of idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI). Drug-specific CD4+ T cells have been detected in patients with DILI, suggestive of an immune etiology. Furthermore, genetic associations including the human leucocyte antigen (HLA) DRB1*15:01-DQB1*06:02 haplotype influence susceptibility. Amoxicillin forms protein adducts that are postulated to activate T cells, by conjugating with lysine residues. However, a role for such adducts has not been described. This study aimed to (1) investigate whether amoxicillin-modified HLA-DRB1*15:01-DQB1*06:02 binding peptides selectively activate DILI patient T cells and (2) define the nature of the T-cell response with respective to antigen structure. Peptides carrying lysine residues for amoxicillin binding in positions (KP) 2-6 and anchors for the HLA-DRB1*15:01-DQB1*06:02 haplotype were designed. The amoxicillin-modified peptides were characterized by mass spectrometry prior to culturing with patient peripheral blood mononuclear cell. T-cell clones were then tested for specificity with amoxicillin, unmodified- and amoxicillin-modified peptides, and structural variants. Amoxicillin-modified KP-2 and KP-3 peptide-specific CD4+ clones proliferated and secreted interferon gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin (IL)-10, perforin and/or IL-17/IL-22 in a dose-dependent manner and displayed no cross-reactivity with amoxicillin, unmodified peptide or with positional derivatives. The T cells response was HLA class II restricted and the amoxicillin-modified peptides bound selectively to HLA-DRB1*15:01 and/or DQB1*06:02. To conclude, we show that amoxicillin-modified peptides bind to both components of the risk haplotype to stimulate DILI patient T cells and describe the importance of the position of nucleophilic lysine residue in the HLA binding peptide sequence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: drug-induced liver injury, T-lymphocytes, human, antigen
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2020 07:42
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 23:31
DOI: 10.1093/toxsci/kfaa128
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3102854