Succinct Permutation Graphs

Tsakalidis, Konstantinos ORCID: 0000-0001-6470-9332, Wild, Sebastian ORCID: 0000-0002-6061-9177 and Zamaraev, Viktor ORCID: 0000-0001-5755-4141
(2020) Succinct Permutation Graphs. [Report]

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We present a succinct, i.e., asymptotically space-optimal, data structure for permutation graphs that supports distance, adjacency, neighborhood and shortest-path queries in optimal time; a variant of our data structure also supports degree queries in time independent of the neighborhood's size at the expense of an $O(\log n/\log \log n)$-factor overhead in all running times. We show how to generalize our data structure to the class of circular permutation graphs with asymptotically no extra space, while supporting the same queries in optimal time. Furthermore, we develop a similar compact data structure for the special case of bipartite permutation graphs and conjecture that it is succinct for this class. We demonstrate how to execute algorithms directly over our succinct representations for several combinatorial problems on permutation graphs: Clique, Coloring, Independent Set, Hamiltonian Cycle, All-Pair Shortest Paths, and others. Moreover, we initiate the study of semi-local graph representations; a concept that "interpolates" between local labeling schemes and standard "centralized" data structures. We show how to turn some of our data structures into semi-local representations by storing only $O(n)$ bits of additional global information, beating the lower bound on distance labeling schemes for permutation graphs.

Item Type: Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: cs.DS, cs.DS, cs.DM
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2020 14:58
Last Modified: 06 May 2022 10:12
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