Experimental Investigation and Theoretical Modelling of a High-Pressure Pneumatic Catapult Considering Dynamic Leakage and Convection



Ren, Jie, Zhong, Jianlin, Yao, Lin and Guan, Zhongwei ORCID: 0000-0002-6967-3508
(2020) Experimental Investigation and Theoretical Modelling of a High-Pressure Pneumatic Catapult Considering Dynamic Leakage and Convection. ENTROPY, 22 (9). E1010-.

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Abstract

A high-pressure pneumatic catapult works under extreme boundaries such as high-pressure and rapid change of pressure and temperature, with the features of nonlinearity and gas-solid convection. In the thermodynamics processes, the pressure is much larger than the critical pressure, and the compressibility factor can deviate from the Zeno line significantly. Therefore, the pneumatic performance and thermo-physical properties need to be described with the real gas hypothesis instead of the ideal gas one. It is found that the analytical results based on the ideal gas model overestimate the performance of the catapult, in comparison to the test data. To obtain a theoretical model with dynamic leakage compensation, leakage tests are carried out, and the relationship among the leakage rate, pressure and stroke is fitted. The compressibility factor library of the equation of state for compressed air is established and evaluated by referring it to the Nelson-Obert generalized compressibility charts. Based on the Peng-Robinson equation, a theoretical model of the high-pressure pneumatic catapult is developed, in which the effects of dynamic leakage and the forced convective heat transfer between the gas and the metal wall are taken into account. The results from the theoretical model are consistent with the data from ejection tests. This research presents an approach to study the performance of a high-pressure pneumatic catapult with high precision.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: thermodynamics, mathematical modelling, dynamic leakage, convective heat transfer, compressibility factor, pneumatic catapult
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2020 15:14
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 23:28
DOI: 10.3390/e22091010
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3104138