Anterior Scleral Regional Variation between Asian and Caucasian Populations

Consejo, Alejandra, Wu, Richard and Abass, Ahmed ORCID: 0000-0002-8622-4632
(2020) Anterior Scleral Regional Variation between Asian and Caucasian Populations. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, 9 (11). E3419-.

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<h4>Purpose</h4>To evaluate the anterior scleral shape regional differences between Asian and Caucasian populations.<h4>Methods</h4>The study included 250 Asian eyes and 235 Caucasian eyes from participants aged 22 to 67 years (38.5 ± 7.6). Three-dimensional (3D) corneo-scleral maps were acquired using a corneo-scleral topographer (Eye Surface Profiler, Eaglet Eye BV) and used to calculate sagittal height. For each 3D map, the sclera (maximum diameter of 18 mm) and cornea were separated at the limbus using an automated technique. Advanced data processing steps were applied to ensure levelled artefact-free datasets to build an average scleral shape map for each population.<h4>Results</h4>Statistically, Asian and Caucasian sclerae are significantly different from each other in sagittal height (overall sclera, <i>p</i> = 0.001). The largest difference in sagittal height between groups was found in the inferior-temporal region (271 ± 203 µm, <i>p</i> = 0.03), whereas the smallest difference was found in the superior-temporal region (84 ± 105 µm, <i>p</i> = 0.17). The difference in sagittal height between Caucasian and Asian sclera increases with the distance from the limbus.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Asian anterior sclera was found to be less elevated than Caucasian anterior sclera. However, the nasal area of the sclera is less elevated than the temporal area, independently of race. Gaining knowledge in race-related scleral topography differences could assist contact lens manufacturers in the process of lens design and practitioners during the process of contact lens fitting.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: anterior eye surface, sclera, ethnicity, topography, profilometry
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2020 14:09
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2024 23:32
DOI: 10.3390/jcm9113419
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