Unravelling the pathways of air plasma induced aflatoxin B<sub>1</sub> degradation and detoxification

Hojnik, Natasa, Modic, Martina, Walsh, James L ORCID: 0000-0002-6318-0892, Zigon, Dusan, Javornik, Uros, Plavec, Janez, Zegura, Bojana, Filipic, Metka and Cvelbar, Uros
(2021) Unravelling the pathways of air plasma induced aflatoxin B<sub>1</sub> degradation and detoxification. JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, 403. 123593-.

[img] Text
Hojnik et al - Accepted - Manuscript.docx - Author Accepted Manuscript

Download (2MB)


Aflatoxins are considered to be a critical dietary risk factor for humans, with aflatoxin B<sub>1</sub> (AFB<sub>1</sub>) identified by the WHO as one of the most potent natural group 1 carcinogen. Despite this, more than half of the world's population is chronically exposed, resulting in up to 170,000 annual cases of human hepatocellular carcinoma cancer. Here we report an easily implemented approach using non-equilibrium plasma for targeted degradation of AFB<sub>1</sub>. Apart from reaching the 100 % decontamination in less than 120 s of treatment, this is the first study that combines hypersensitive analytical methods such as high-resolution mass spectroscopy (HRMS) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) to provide a detailed description of CAP mediated AFB<sub>1</sub> degradation. We identify rapid scission of the vinyl bond between 8- and 9-position on the terminal furan ring of AFB<sub>1</sub> as being of paramount importance for the suppression of toxic potential, which is confirmed by the examination of both cytotoxicity and genotoxicity. The plasma reactive species mediated degradation pathways are elucidated, and it is demonstrated that the approach not only renders AFB<sub>1</sub> harmless but does so in order of magnitude less time than UV irradiation as one of the other non-thermal methods currently under investigation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mycotoxins, Atmospheric pressure plasma technology, Decontamination, Degradation pathways, Detoxification
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2020 16:43
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2023 16:26
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123593
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3105212