Conjunctival Biopsy Site in Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid

Coco, Giulia, Romano, Vito ORCID: 0000-0002-5148-7643, Menassa, Nardine ORCID: 0000-0003-2512-4889, Borroni, Davide ORCID: 0000-0001-6952-5647, Iselin, Katja, Finn, Daniel, Figueiredo, Gustavo S, Tacea, Filofteia, Field, Elizabeth Anne, Ahmad, Sajjad
et al (show 1 more authors) (2020) Conjunctival Biopsy Site in Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 216. pp. 1-6.

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PURPOSE:To investigate if there is an association between the location of the conjunctival biopsy site (lesional, perilesional, or nonaffected) and the result of the direct immunofluorescence (DIF) test in patients with suspected mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) involving the ocular surface. DESIGN:Retrospective case series. METHODS:Records of patients with clinically suspected ocular MMP were reviewed to determine the location of the conjunctival biopsy. Conjunctival biopsy locations were defined as "lesional," "perilesional," and "nonaffected" conjunctiva. The DIF was considered positive when there was deposition of at least 1 of either IgM, IgG, IgA, or C3 at the basement membrane of the specimen; nondiagnostic when only fibrinogen was found at the same location; and negative when none of these features were present. RESULTS:The records of 41 patients were analyzed. Of these, 32 were eligible to be included in the study. Biopsies were lesional in 22% of cases (7/32), perilesional in 22% (7/32), and from nonaffected conjunctiva in 56% (18/32). DIF results were positive in 14% of lesional biopsies, in 86% of perilesional biopsies, and in 17% of those from nonaffected conjunctiva (P = .003). Perilesional biopsies gave higher positive DIF than lesional biopsies (P = .029). CONCLUSIONS:Perilesional conjunctival biopsies are associated with an increase in positive DIF results. These results support the need to sample perilesional conjunctival tissue in patients with suspected MMP.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Conjunctiva, Basement Membrane, Mucous Membrane, Humans, Pemphigoid, Benign Mucous Membrane, Fibrinogen, Immunoglobulin A, Immunoglobulin G, Immunoglobulin M, Autoantibodies, Biopsy, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Direct, Retrospective Studies, Follow-Up Studies, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Middle Aged, Complement C3, Female, Male
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2020 09:46
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 23:25
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2020.01.033
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