Reappraisal of the magma-rich versus magma-poor rifted margin archetypes



Tugend, Julie ORCID: 0000-0003-3724-7878, Gillard, Morgane, Manatschal, Gianreto, Nirrengarten, Michael, Harkin, Caroline, Epin, Marie-Eva, Sauter, Daniel, Autin, Julia, Kusznir, Nick and McDermott, Ken
(2020) Reappraisal of the magma-rich versus magma-poor rifted margin archetypes. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 476 (1). 23 - 47.

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Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>Rifted margins are commonly defined as magma-poor or magma-rich archetypes based on their morphology. We re-examine the prevailing model inferred from this classification that magma-rich margins have excess decompression melting at lithospheric breakup compared with steady-state seafloor spreading, while magma-poor margins have inhibited melting. We investigate the magmatic budget related to lithospheric breakup along two high-resolution long-offset deep reflection seismic profiles across the SE Indian (magma-poor) and Uruguayan (magma-rich) rifted margins.</jats:p> <jats:p>Resolving the magmatic budget is difficult and several interpretations can explain our seismic observations, implying different mechanisms to achieve lithospheric breakup and melt production for each archetype. We show that the Uruguayan and other magma-rich margins may indeed involve excess decompression melting compared with steady-state seafloor spreading but could also be explained by a gradual increase with an early onset relative to crustal breakup. A late onset of decompression melting relative to crustal breakup enables mantle exhumation characteristic of magma-poor margin archetypes (e.g. SE India).</jats:p> <jats:p>Despite different volumes of magmatism, the mechanisms suggested at lithospheric breakup are comparable between both archetypes. Considerations on the timing of decompression melting onset relative to crustal thinning may be more important than the magmatic budget to understand the evolution and variability of rifted margins.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2020 08:54
Last Modified: 17 May 2021 18:11
DOI: 10.1144/sp476.9
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3107685