Beyond 25 Years of EIA in India: retrospection and way forward

Jha Thakur, Urmila ORCID: 0000-0001-6767-1210 and Khosravi, Fatemeh
(2021) Beyond 25 Years of EIA in India: retrospection and way forward. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 87. p. 106533.

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Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) experience in India dates back since the 70s when it was practiced only as an administrative decision. However, it was not made mandatory until 1994 with the introduction of the EIA Notification under the Environmental Protection Act of 1986. Hence, it's been just over 25 years since EIA was formally introduced in the country and in celebrating this landmark occasion, the paper provides a review of EIA performance in India since its inception. In doing so, it provides a systematic analysis against criteria set by one of the first EIA reviews conducted in the country way back in 1994. The four broad categories of this review include completeness, open and public character, objectivity and verifiability. In conducting the review, the paper consolidates publications on this subject area. This is further complemented with data collected via online survey and interviews with experts in the field. The findings reveal that since its inception days, EIA in India has made significant progress with regards to open and public character. However, this is still in need of further improvements. With regards to the other two criteria of completeness and objectivity, progress is rather limited. However, there has been hardly any improvements made with regards to verifiability of EIA. The new EIA notifications being drafted in the country do not seem to be engaging with the lessons learned over the years. Hence, based on the findings of the review, the paper provides some initial recommendations. In doing so the work further draws comparisons and inspirations from international experiences.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2020 08:33
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2023 00:42
DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2020.106533
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