Systematic analysis of the gerontome reveals links between aging and age-related diseases.



Fernandes, M, Wan, C, Tacutu, R, Barardo, D, Rajput, A, Wang, J, Thoppil, H, Thornton, D ORCID: 0000-0002-4994-2942, Yang, C, Freitas, A
et al (show 1 more authors) (2016) Systematic analysis of the gerontome reveals links between aging and age-related diseases. Human molecular genetics, 25 (21). 4804 - 4818.

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Abstract

In model organisms, over 2,000 genes have been shown to modulate aging, the collection of which we call the ‘gerontome’. Although some individual aging-related genes have been the subject of intense scrutiny, their analysis as a whole has been limited. In particular, the genetic interaction of aging and age-related pathologies remain a subject of debate. In this work, we perform a systematic analysis of the gerontome across species, including human aging-related genes. First, by classifying aging-related genes as pro- or anti-longevity, we define distinct pathways and genes that modulate aging in different ways. Our subsequent comparison of aging-related genes with age-related disease genes reveals species-specific effects with strong overlaps between aging and age-related diseases in mice, yet surprisingly few overlaps in lower model organisms. We discover that genetic links between aging and age-related diseases are due to a small fraction of aging-related genes which also tend to have a high network connectivity. Other insights from our systematic analysis include assessing how using datasets with genes more or less studied than average may result in biases, showing that age-related disease genes have faster molecular evolution rates and predicting new aging-related drugs based on drug-gene interaction data. Overall, this is the largest systems-level analysis of the genetics of aging to date and the first to discriminate anti- and pro-longevity genes, revealing new insights on aging-related genes as a whole and their interactions with age-related diseases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aging, genes, longevity
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2020 08:23
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2022 08:11
DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddw307
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3110561

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