Comorbidities in psoriatic arthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis



Gupta, Sonal, Syrimi, Zoe, Hughes, David M ORCID: 0000-0002-1287-9994 and Zhao, Sizheng Steven ORCID: 0000-0002-3558-7353
(2021) Comorbidities in psoriatic arthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Rheumatology International.

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Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to: (1) describe the prevalence of commonly reported comorbidities in psoriatic arthritis (PsA), (2) compare the incidence and/or prevalence of comorbidities between PsA and control populations; and (3) examine the impact of comorbidities on PsA outcomes. We systematically searched Medline, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science using a predefined protocol in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Studies reporting only one comorbidity, or a few closely related diseases within one organ system, were excluded. Where possible, meta-analysis was performed using random-effects models. We included 39 studies amounting to over 152 thousand PsA patients. We performed meta-analysis for the prevalence of 21 commonly reported comorbidities. The most prevalent comorbidities were hypertension (pooled prevalence 34%), metabolic syndrome (29%), obesity (27%), hyperlipidaemia (24%) and any cardiovascular diseases (19%). Eleven studies consistently showed higher prevalence of comorbidities in PsA than controls. Five studies showed that comorbid patients had more severe disease, poorer quality of life, and increased discontinuation of treatment. Comorbidities, particularly cardiometabolic disorders, were highly prevalent in PsA and more common than in healthy controls. Comorbidities were associated with adverse disease features, but more research is needed on their impact on longitudinal outcomes such as treatment response, work productivity and mortality.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2021 08:25
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2021 16:10
DOI: 10.1007/s00296-020-04775-2
Open Access URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00296-0...
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3113310