Pathways to plant domestication in Southeast Anatolia based on new data from aceramic Neolithic Gusir Hoyuk



Kabukcu, Ceren ORCID: 0000-0001-5963-5826, Asouti, Eleni ORCID: 0000-0002-0905-7594, Poellath, Nadja, Peters, Joris and Karul, Necmi
(2021) Pathways to plant domestication in Southeast Anatolia based on new data from aceramic Neolithic Gusir Hoyuk. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 11 (1). 2112-.

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Abstract

Southeast Anatolia is home to some of the earliest and most spectacular Neolithic sites associated with the beginning of cultivation and herding in the Old World. In this article we present new archaeobotanical and zooarchaeological data from Gusir Höyük, an aceramic Neolithic habitation dating to the 12th-late 11th millennia cal BP. Our results show selective use of legume crop progenitors and nuts during the earlier part of this period, followed by the management of cereal and legume crop progenitors from the mid-11th millennium cal BP. This contrasts with data available from other Anatolian habitations indicating broad spectrum plant use with low crop progenitor inputs. Early aceramic Neolithic Anatolian plant and animal exploitation strategies were site-specific, reflecting distinctive identities and culinary choices rather than environmental constraints. A multivariate evaluation of wheat grain metrics alongside botanical and radiometric data indicate that early wheat domestication in southeast Anatolia occurred at a faster pace than predicted by current hypotheses for a protracted transition to farming in Southwest Asia. We argue that this phenomenon is best explained as a corollary of the increasing importance of cereals in feasting at southeast Anatolian sites characterised by increasing architectural complexity and elaboration during the 11th millennium cal BP.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals, Humans, Fabaceae, Crops, Agricultural, Archaeology, Agriculture, History, Ancient, Turkey, Edible Grain, Domestication
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2021 14:35
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 23:02
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-81757-9
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3114528