Equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction: Identifying research priorities for diagnosis, treatment and prognosis through a priority setting partnership

Tatum, Rebecca C, McGowan, Cathy M ORCID: 0000-0002-1946-9584, Dean, Rachel S and Ireland, Joanne L ORCID: 0000-0002-5737-1502
(2021) Equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction: Identifying research priorities for diagnosis, treatment and prognosis through a priority setting partnership. PLOS ONE, 16 (1). e0244784-.

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Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) is the most prevalent endocrine disorder of older equids. To date, key research areas likely to have the greatest impact on equine health have not been identified. In human medicine, public and patient involvement is widely used to inform research agendas. This study aimed to engage with veterinary surgeons and horse owners to identify evidence gaps ('uncertainties') and prioritise these into a list of the 10 most important PPID research questions. The James Lind Alliance (JLA) Priority Setting Partnership (PSP) Framework was adapted. Questions about the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of PPID were gathered via an online survey targeting veterinary surgeons and horse owners with experience of PPID. Thematic analysis was used to form a longlist of collated indicative research questions (CIRQs), defined by the JLA as true 'evidence uncertainties' when not answered by a published, clinically relevant, up-to-date systematic review. In an interim prioritisation survey, questions were ranked by weighted scores creating a shortlist of 25 that were taken forward to the PSP workshop, where participants reached a consensus on the top 10. Useable responses containing ≥1 question were received from 524 respondents (92.6% owners, n = 485; 7.4% veterinary surgeons, n = 39). After screening for relevance, 1,260 individual questions were included in thematic analysis, resulting in 47 CIRQs. Interim prioritisation votes for the CIRQs were received from 360 respondents. The top 10 questions prioritised at the PSP workshop focused on long-term prognosis, diagnostic accuracy, efficacy of pergolide treatment, alternative treatment/management strategies and potential treatment options for poor responders to pergolide. The quantity of questions generated indicates an extensive number of uncertainties regarding the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of PPID. The top 10 research questions will help to inform key areas for evidence synthesis and knowledge translation, and to direct future research into areas most important to end users involved in caring for and treating animals with PPID.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals, Horses, Pituitary Diseases, Horse Diseases, Prognosis, Consensus, Research, Biomedical Research, Veterinarians, Patient Participation, Health Priorities, Pituitary Gland, Intermediate, Surveys and Questionnaires, Stakeholder Participation
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2021 14:49
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 23:02
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0244784
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244784
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3114846