Correlation of HPV16 Gene Status and Gene Expression With Antibody Seropositivity and TIL Status in OPSCC.



von Witzleben, Adrian, Currall, Eve, Wood, Oliver, Chudley, Lindsey, Akinyegun, Oluyemisi, Thomas, Jaya, Bendjama, Kaïdre, Thomas, Gareth J, Friedmann, Peter S, King, Emma V
et al (show 2 more authors) (2021) Correlation of HPV16 Gene Status and Gene Expression With Antibody Seropositivity and TIL Status in OPSCC. Frontiers in Oncology, 10. 591063 - 591063.

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Abstract

<h4>Introduction</h4>Human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) is the main cause of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). To date, the links between HPV16 gene expression and adaptive immune responses have not been investigated. We evaluated the correlation of HPV16 DNA, RNA transcripts and features of adaptive immune response by evaluating antibody isotypes against E2, E7 antigens and density of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL).<h4>Material and methods</h4>FFPE-tissue from 27/77 p16-positive OPSCC patients was available. DNA and RNA were extracted and quantified using qPCR for all HPV16 genes. The TIL status was assessed. Immune responses against E2 and E7 were quantified by ELISA (IgG, IgA, and IgM; 77 serum samples pre-treatment, 36 matched post-treatment).<h4>Results</h4>Amounts of HPV16 genes were highly correlated at DNA and RNA levels. RNA co-expression of all genes was detected in 37% (7/19). E7 qPCR results were correlated with higher anti-E7 antibody (IgG, IgA) level in the blood. Patients with high anti-E2 IgG antibody (>median) had better overall survival (p=0.0311); anti-E2 and anti-E7 IgA levels had no detectable effect. During the first 6 months after treatment, IgA but not IgG increased significantly, and >6 months both antibody classes declined over time. Patients with immune cell-rich tumors had higher levels of circulating antibodies against HPV antigens.<h4>Conclusion</h4>We describe an HPV16 qPCR assay to quantify genomic and transcriptomic expression and correlate this with serum antibody levels against HPV16 oncoproteins. Understanding DNA/RNA expression, relationship to the antibody response in patients regarding treatment and outcome offers an attractive tool to improve patient care.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2021 09:13
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2021 07:31
DOI: 10.3389/fonc.2020.591063
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3116202