Research on Rainfall Monitoring Based on E-Band Millimeter Wave Link in East China

Zheng, Siming, Han, Congzheng, Huo, Juan, Cai, Wenbing, Zhang, Yinhui, Li, Peng, Zhang, Gaoyuan, Ji, Baofeng and Zhou, Jiafeng ORCID: 0000-0002-3940-3320
(2021) Research on Rainfall Monitoring Based on E-Band Millimeter Wave Link in East China. Sensors, 21 (5). 1670 - 1670.

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<jats:p>Accurate rainfall observation data with high temporal and spatial resolution are essential for national disaster prevention and mitigation as well as climate response decisions. This paper introduces a field experiment using an E-band millimeter-wave link to obtain rainfall rate information in Nanjing city, which is situated in the east of China. The link is 3 km long and operates at 71 and 81 GHz. We first distinguish between the wet and the dry periods, and then determine the classification threshold for calculating attenuation baseline in real time. We correct the influence of the wet antenna attenuation and finally calculate the rainfall rate through the power law relationship between the rainfall rate and the rain-induced attenuation. The experimental results show that the correlation between the rainfall rate retrieved from the 71 GHz link and the rainfall rate measured by the raindrop spectrometer is up to 0.9. The correlation at 81 GHz is up to 0.91. The mean relative errors are all below 5%. By comparing with the rainfall rate measured by the laser raindrop spectrometer set up at the experimental site, we verified the reliability and accuracy of monitoring rainfall using the E-band millimeter-wave link.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2021 08:30
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2022 19:10
DOI: 10.3390/s21051670