The potential of microdialysis to estimate rifampicin concentrations in the lung of guinea pigs

Lanni, Faye, Burton, Neil, Harris, Debbie, Fotheringham, Susan, Clark, Simon, Skinner, Oliver, Wiblin, Nathan, Dennis, Mike, Armstrong, Stuart, Davies, Geraint ORCID: 0000-0002-3819-490X
et al (show 1 more authors) (2021) The potential of microdialysis to estimate rifampicin concentrations in the lung of guinea pigs. PLOS ONE, 16 (1). e0245922-.

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Optimised pre-clinical models are required for TB drug development to better predict the pharmacokinetics of anti-tuberculosis (anti-TB) drugs to shorten the time taken for novel drugs and combinations to be approved for clinical trial. Microdialysis can be used to measure unbound drug concentrations in awake freely moving animals in order to describe the pharmacokinetics of drugs in the organs as a continuous sampling technique. The aim of this work was to develop and optimise the microdialysis methodology in guinea pigs to better understand the pharmacokinetics of rifampicin in the lung. In vitro experiments were performed before progressing into in vivo studies because the recovery (concentration of the drug in the tissue fluid related to that in the collected dialysate) of rifampicin was dependent on a variety of experimental conditions. Mass spectrometry of the dialysate was used to determine the impact of flow rate, perfusion fluid and the molecular weight cut-off and membrane length of probes on the recovery of rifampicin at physiologically relevant concentrations. Following determination of probe efficiency and identification of a correlation between rifampicin concentrations in the lung and skeletal muscle, experiments were conducted to measure rifampicin in the sacrospinalis of guinea pigs using microdialysis. Lung concentrations of rifampicin were estimated from the rifampicin concentrations measured in the sacrospinalis. These studies suggest the potential usefulness of the microdialysis methodology to determine drug concentrations of selected anti-TB drugs to support new TB drug development.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lung, Animals, Guinea Pigs, Rifampin, Antitubercular Agents, Microdialysis, Female, Drug Development
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2021 11:38
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 22:56
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0245922
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