The Effect of Degrees of Inversion on the Electronic Structure of Spinel NiCo2O4: A Density Functional Theory Study

Chang, Tzu-Chien, Lu, Yi-Ting ORCID: 0000-0003-2128-1385, Lee, Chih-Heng, Gupta, Jyoti K, Hardwick, Laurence J ORCID: 0000-0001-8796-685X, Hu, Chi-Chang and Chen, Hsin-Yi Tiffany
(2021) The Effect of Degrees of Inversion on the Electronic Structure of Spinel NiCo2O4: A Density Functional Theory Study. ACS Omega, 6 (14). pp. 9692-9699.

[img] Text
acsomega_2021_Leo.pdf - Published version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (1MB) | Preview


In this study, electronic structure calculations and Bader charge analysis have been completed on the inverse, intermediate, and normal spinel structures of NiCo<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub> in both primitive and conventional cells, using density functional theory with Hubbard <i>U</i> correction. Three spinel structures have been computed in the primitive cell, where the fully inverse spinel, 50% intermediate spinel, and normal spinel can be acquired by swapping Ni and Co atoms on tetrahedral and octahedral sites. Furthermore, NiCo<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub> with different degrees of inversion in the conventional cells was also investigated, along with their doping energies. Confirmed by the assigned formal charges, magnetic moments, and decomposed density of state, our results suggest that the electronic properties of Ni and Co on the tetrahedral site can be altered by swapping Ni and Co atoms, whereas both Ni and Co on the octahedral site are uninfluenced. A simple and widely used model, crystal field theory, is also compared with our calculations and shows a consistent prediction about the cation distribution in NiCo<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub>. This study analyzes the correlation between cation arrangements and formal charges, which could potentially be used to predict the desired electronic properties of NiCo<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub> for various applications.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2021 08:23
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 22:53
DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.1c00295
Related URLs: