"Eye" Don't See: An Analysis of Visual Symptom Reporting by Stroke Survivors from a Large Epidemiology Study.



Hepworth, Lauren R ORCID: 0000-0001-8542-9815, Howard, Claire, Hanna, Kerry L ORCID: 0000-0001-7357-7749, Currie, Jim and Rowe, Fiona J ORCID: 0000-0001-9210-9131
(2021) "Eye" Don't See: An Analysis of Visual Symptom Reporting by Stroke Survivors from a Large Epidemiology Study. Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association, 30 (6). 105759 - ?.

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Abstract

<h4>Aim</h4>The purpose was to explore the reported symptoms of post-stroke visual impairment from a large multi-centre prospective epidemiology study.<h4>Methods</h4>Visual assessment, including a case history, visual acuity, ocular alignment, ocular motility, visual fields, visual inattention and visual perception, was attempted for all stroke admissions to three acute stroke units.<h4>Results</h4>Of 1500 stroke admissions, 1204 received a visual assessment, of which 867 had one or more visual impairments. Of those identified with visual impairment 44.4% reported visual symptoms. The most common visual symptoms were blurred/altered vision (22.1%), field loss (12.6%), diplopia (9.9%) and reading difficulties (9.7%). 703 were identified to have a new visual impairment, 47.1% reported visual symptoms. No visual symptoms were reported by 38.4% and 14.5% were unable to report symptoms. Visual symptoms were first reported at a median of 3 days (IQR2-8) and mean of 16.0 days (SD39.8) from stroke onset. Those that reported symptoms were younger (p<0.001) and more independent (p<0.001) than those who were asymptomatic or unable to report. No significant difference was found between likelihood of reporting visual symptoms or not based on severity of reduced central vision, visual field loss or visual inattention. Stroke survivors with a manifest squint and cranial nerve palsies were significantly more likely to report symptoms.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Almost 40% of stroke survivors with new onset visual impairment do not or cannot report visual symptoms. This highlights the importance of objective screening to ensure stroke survivors receive appropriate and timely referral to specialist services to access necessary treatment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Vision Disorders, Vision Tests, Prospective Studies, Visual Perception, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Middle Aged, England, Female, Male, Stroke, Vision, Ocular
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2021 09:25
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2021 04:10
DOI: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2021.105759
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3119326