Backward Flux Re-Deposition Patterns during Multi-Spot Laser Ablation of Stainless Steel with Picosecond and Femtosecond Pulses in Air



Zhou, Tong, Kraft, Sebastian, Perrie, Walter, Schille, Jorg, Loeschner, Udo, Edwardson, Stuart ORCID: 0000-0001-5239-4409 and Dearden, Geoff ORCID: 0000-0003-0648-7473
(2021) Backward Flux Re-Deposition Patterns during Multi-Spot Laser Ablation of Stainless Steel with Picosecond and Femtosecond Pulses in Air. MATERIALS, 14 (9). 2243-.

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Abstract

We report on novel observations of directed re-deposition of ablation debris during the ultrafast laser micro-structuring of stainless steel in the air with multi-beams in close proximity on the surface. This interesting phenomenon is observed with both 10 ps and 600 fs NIR laser pulses at 5 kHz repetition rate. Ablation spot geometries could be altered with the use of beam splitting optics or a phase-only Spatial Light modulator. At low fluence (F ~ 1.0 J cm-2) and pulse exposure of a few hundred pulses, the debris appears as concentrated narrow "filaments" connecting the ablation spots, while at higher fluence, (F ~ 5.0 J cm-2) energetic jets of material emanated symmetrically along the axes of symmetry, depositing debris well beyond the typical re-deposition radius with a single spot. Patterns of backward re-deposition of debris to the surface are likely connected with the colliding shock waves and plasma plumes with the ambient air causing stagnation when the spots are in close proximity. The 2D surface debris patterns are indicative of the complex 3D interactions involved over wide timescales during ablation from picoseconds to microseconds.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: laser ablation, ultrafast, re-deposition
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 07 May 2021 15:21
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 22:49
DOI: 10.3390/ma14092243
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14092243
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3121865