Impact of child development at primary school entry on adolescent health—protocol for a participatory systematic review

Black, Michelle, Barnes, Amy, Strong, Mark and Taylor-Robinson, David ORCID: 0000-0002-5828-7724
(2021) Impact of child development at primary school entry on adolescent health—protocol for a participatory systematic review. Systematic Reviews, 10 (1). 142-.

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<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:sec> <jats:title>Background</jats:title> <jats:p>Reducing child health inequalities is a global health priority and evidence suggests that optimal development of knowledge, skills and attributes in early childhood could reduce health risks across the life course. Despite a strong policy rhetoric on giving children the ‘best start in life’, socioeconomic inequalities in children’s development when they start school persist. So too do inequalities in child and adolescent health. These in turn influence health inequalities in adulthood. Understanding how developmental processes affect health in the context of socioeconomic factors as children age could inform a holistic policy approach to health and development from childhood through to adolescence. However, the relationship between child development and early adolescent health consequences is poorly understood. Therefore the aim of this review is to summarise evidence on the associations between child development at primary school starting age (3–7 years) and subsequent health in adolescence (8–15 years) and the factors that mediate or moderate this relationship.</jats:p> </jats:sec><jats:sec> <jats:title>Method</jats:title> <jats:p>A participatory systematic review method will be used. The search strategy will include; searches of electronic databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, ASSIA and ERIC) from November 1990 onwards, grey literature, reference searches and discussions with stakeholders. Articles will be screened using inclusion and exclusion criteria at title and abstract level, and at full article level. Observational, intervention and review studies reporting a measure of child development at the age of starting school and health outcomes in early adolescence, from a member country of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, will be included. The primary outcome will be health and wellbeing outcomes (such as weight, mental health, socio-emotional behaviour, dietary habits). Secondary outcomes will include educational outcomes. Studies will be assessed for quality using appropriate tools. A conceptual model, produced with stakeholders at the outset of the study, will act as a framework for extracting and analysing evidence. The model will be refined through analysis of the included literature. Narrative synthesis will be used to generate findings and produce a diagram of the relationship between child development and adolescent health.</jats:p> </jats:sec><jats:sec> <jats:title>Discussion</jats:title> <jats:p>The review will elucidate how children’s development at the age of starting school is related to subsequent health outcomes in contexts of socioeconomic inequality. This will inform ways to intervene to improve health and reduce health inequality in adolescents. The findings will generate knowledge of cross-sector relevance for health and education and promote inter-sectoral coherence in addressing health inequalities throughout childhood.</jats:p> </jats:sec><jats:sec> <jats:title>Protocol Registration</jats:title> <jats:p>This systematic review protocol has been registered with PROSPERO <jats:ext-link xmlns:xlink="" ext-link-type="uri" xlink:href="">CRD42020210011</jats:ext-link>.</jats:p> </jats:sec>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Child Development, Schools, Adolescent, Adult, Child, Child, Preschool, Health Status Disparities, Adolescent Health, Child Health, Systematic Reviews as Topic
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 24 May 2021 08:10
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 22:45
DOI: 10.1186/s13643-021-01694-6
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