# Efficient Assignment of Identities in Anonymous Populations

, Jansson, Jesper, Levcopoulos, Christos and Lingas, Andrzej
(2021) Efficient Assignment of Identities in Anonymous Populations. Text 2105.12083v1.pdf - Submitted Version Download (402kB) | Preview

## Abstract

We consider the fundamental problem of assigning distinct labels to agents in the probabilistic model of population protocols. Our protocols operate under the assumption that the size $n$ of the population is embedded in the transition function. Our labeling protocols are silent w.h.p., i.e., eventually each agent reaches its final state and remains in it forever w.h.p., as well as safe, i.e., never update the label assigned to any single agent. We first present a fast, silent w.h.p.and safe labeling protocol for which the required number of interactions is asymptotically optimal, i.e., $O(n \log n/\epsilon)$ w.h.p. It uses $(2+\epsilon)n+O(n^c)$ states, for any $c<1,$ and the label range $1,\dots,(1+\epsilon)n.$ Furthermore, we consider the so-called pool labeling protocols that include our fast protocol. We show that the expected number of interactions required by any pool protocol is $\ge \frac{n^2}{r+1}$, when the labels range is $1,\dots, n+r<2n.$ Next, we provide a protocol which is silent and safe once a unique leader is provided, and uses only $n+5\sqrt n +O(n^c)$ states, for any $c<1,$ and draws labels from the range $1,\dots,n.$ The expected number of interactions required by the protocol is $O(n^3).$ On the other hand, we show that (even if a unique leader is given in advance) any silent protocol that produces a valid labeling and is safe with probability $>1-\frac 1n$, uses $\ge n+\sqrt {n-1} -1$ states. Hence, our protocol is almost state-optimal. We also present a generalization of the protocol to include a trade-off between the number of states and the expected number of interactions. Furthermore, we show that for any silent and safe labeling protocol utilizing $n+t<2n$ states the expected number of interactions required to achieve a valid labeling is $\ge \frac{n^2}{t+1}$.

Item Type: Article 29 pages, 1 figure cs.DC, cs.DC, F.2.2, F.2.2 Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Computer Science Symplectic Admin 01 Jun 2021 15:13 22 Jul 2022 16:10 https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2022/1578... Author https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3124380