Small-RNA sequencing reveals altered skeletal muscle microRNAs and snoRNAs signatures in weanling male offspring from mouse dams fed a low protein diet during lactation



Kanakis, Ioannis ORCID: 0000-0001-6410-1482, Alameddine, Moussira, Folkes, Leighton, Moxon, Simon ORCID: 0000-0003-4644-1816, Myrtziou, Ioanna, Ozanne, Susan, Peffers, Mandy ORCID: 0000-0001-6979-0440, Goljanek-Whysall, Katarzyna and Vasilaki, Aphrodite
(2021) Small-RNA sequencing reveals altered skeletal muscle microRNAs and snoRNAs signatures in weanling male offspring from mouse dams fed a low protein diet during lactation.

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Abstract

<h4>ABSTRACT</h4> Nutrition plays a key role in pre- and postnatal growth of the musculoskeletal system. Maternal diet during gestation and lactation affects the development of skeletal muscles in the offspring and determines muscle health in later life, however, the molecular mechanisms that govern these effects are largely unknown. In this study, we aim to describe the association between maternal low protein diet-induced changes in offspring skeletal muscle and the differential expression (DE) of small non-coding RNAs (sncRNAs). We used a mouse model of maternal protein restriction to characterise the impact of early-life undernutrition on skeletal muscle morphology in male offspring at weaning. Mouse dams were fed either a normal (N, 20%) or a low protein (L, 8%) diet during gestation and newborn pups were cross-fostered to N or L lactating dams, resulting in the generation of NN, NL and LN offspring groups. Total body and tibialis anterior (TA) weights were decreased in NL males but not different in the LN group, as compared to NN, although neonates from low protein fed dams were smaller at birth than those born to dams fed a normal protein. However, histological evaluation of TA muscle revealed reduced muscle fibre size in both groups at the end of lactation. Small RNA-seq analysis demonstrated DE of multiple classes of sncRNAs, including miRs, snoRNAs and snRNAs. Bioinformatic analyses of miRs-15a, −34a, −122 and −199a, in combination with known myomiRs, confirmed their implication in key muscle-specific biological processes and cellular functions and suggest a promising set of miRs in muscle physiology studies. To our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive report for the DE of sncRNAs in nutrition-associated programming of skeletal muscle development, highlighting the need for further research.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2021 15:01
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2021 17:11
DOI: 10.1101/2021.02.22.432208
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3124862