Explaining the increment in coronary heart disease mortality in Mexico between 2000 and 2012

Arroyo-Quiroz, Carmen, O'Flaherty, Martin ORCID: 0000-0001-8944-4131, Guzman-Castillo, Maria, Capewell, Simon ORCID: 0000-0003-3960-8999, Chuquiure-Valenzuela, Eduardo, Jerjes-Sanchez, Carlos and Barrientos-Gutierrez, Tonatiuh
(2020) Explaining the increment in coronary heart disease mortality in Mexico between 2000 and 2012. PLOS ONE, 15 (12). e0242930-.

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<h4>Background</h4>Mexico is still in the growing phase of the epidemic of coronary heart disease (CHD), with mortality increasing by 48% since 1980. However, no studies have analyzed the drivers of these trends. We aimed to model CHD deaths between 2000 and 2012 in Mexico and to quantify the proportion of the mortality change attributable to advances in medical treatments and to changes in population-wide cardiovascular risk factors.<h4>Methods</h4>We performed a retrospective analysis using the previously validated IMPACT model to explain observed changes in CHD mortality in Mexican adults. The model integrates nationwide data at two-time points (2000 and 2012) to quantify the effects on CHD mortality attributable to changes in risk factors and therapeutic trends.<h4>Results</h4>From 2000 to 2012, CHD mortality rates increased by 33.8% in men and by 22.8% in women. The IMPACT model explained 71% of the CHD mortality increase. Most of the mortality increases could be attributed to increases in population risk factors, such as diabetes (43%), physical inactivity (28%) and total cholesterol (24%). Improvements in medical and surgical treatments together prevented or postponed 40.3% of deaths; 10% was attributable to improvements in secondary prevention treatments following MI, while 5.3% to community heart failure treatments.<h4>Conclusions</h4>CHD mortality in Mexico is increasing due to adverse trends in major risk factors and suboptimal use of CHD treatments. Population-level interventions to reduce CHD risk factors are urgently needed, along with increased access and equitable distribution of therapies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Coronary Disease, Mortality, Risk Factors, Uncertainty, Retrospective Studies, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Middle Aged, Mexico, Female, Male
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2021 07:51
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 22:35
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0242930
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3125568