The growth rate and clinical outcomes of radiation induced meningioma undergoing treatment or active monitoring

Gillespie, Conor S, Islim, Abdurrahman I ORCID: 0000-0001-9621-043X, Taweel, Basel A ORCID: 0000-0002-6157-2438, Millward, Christopher P ORCID: 0000-0001-7727-1157, Kumar, Siddhant ORCID: 0000-0001-8084-2504, Rathi, Nitika, Mehta, Shaveta, Haylock, Brian J, Thorp, Nicola, Gilkes, Catherine E
et al (show 6 more authors) (2021) The growth rate and clinical outcomes of radiation induced meningioma undergoing treatment or active monitoring. Journal of Neuro-Oncology, 153 (2). pp. 239-249.

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<h4>Introduction</h4>Radiation induced meningioma (RIM) incidence is increasing in line with improved childhood cancer survival. No optimal management strategy consensus exists. This study aimed to delineate meningioma growth rates from tumor discovery and correlate with clinical outcomes.<h4>Methods</h4>Retrospective study of patients with a RIM, managed at a specialist tertiary neuroscience center (2007-2019). Tumor volume was measured from diagnosis and at subsequent interval scans. Meningioma growth rate was determined using a linear mixed-effects model. Clinical outcomes were correlated with growth rates accounting for imaging and clinical prognostic factors.<h4>Results</h4>Fifty-four patients (110 meningiomas) were included. Median duration of follow-up was 74 months (interquartile range [IQR], 41-102 months). Mean radiation dose was 41 Gy (standard deviation [SD] = 14.9) with a latency period of 34.4 years (SD = 13.7). Median absolute growth rate was 0.62 cm<sup>3</sup>/year and the median relative growth rate was 72%/year. Forty meningiomas (between 27 patients) underwent surgical intervention after a median follow-up duration of 4 months (IQR 2-35). Operated RIMs were clinically aggressive, likely to be WHO grade 2 at first resection (43.6%) and to progress after surgery (41%). Median time to progression was 28 months (IQR 13-60.5). A larger meningioma at discovery was associated with growth (HR 1.2 [95% CI 1.0-1.5], P = 0.039) but not progression after surgery (HR 2.2 [95% CI 0.7-6.6], P = 0.181). Twenty-seven (50%) patients had multiple meningiomas by the end of the study.<h4>Conclusion</h4>RIMs exhibit high absolute and relative growth rates after discovery. Surgery is recommended for symptomatic or rapidly growing meningiomas only. Recurrence risk after surgery is high.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Meningioma, Radiation, Volumetric growth, Natural history, Radiation induced meningioma
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Clinical Directorate
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Systems, Molecular and Integrative Biology
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2021 11:09
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 22:35
DOI: 10.1007/s11060-021-03761-3
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