What can the perceptions of motor ability and the actual motor ability of children with DCD tell us about engagement in physical activity?



McQuillan, Victoria ORCID: 0000-0002-4275-2660, Swanwick, Ruth, Chambers, Mary and Sugden, David
(2021) What can the perceptions of motor ability and the actual motor ability of children with DCD tell us about engagement in physical activity? In: National Conference for Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD UK) 2021, 2021-07-09 - 2021-07-10, Cardiff University.

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Abstract

What can the perceptions of motor ability and the actual motor ability of children with DCD tell us about engagement in physical activity? McQuillan, V.A. 1,2, Swanwick, R.A.1, Chambers1, M.E. & Sugden, D.A1 1School of Education, University of Leeds 2School of Health Sciences, University of Liverpool Background and aim: Children’s perceptions about their motor competence are believed to provide motivation for physical activity. A positive and reciprocal relationship between motor competence and physical activity is thought to play a role for the engagement and persistence with physical activity. Children with DCD have motor difficulties and are thought to have lower perceptions of their motor competence than typically developing children. They have also been found to participate less in physical activity and are therefore at greater risk for the negative consequences of inactivity. However, few studies enquiring about engagement in physical activity have investigated the perceived competence simultaneously with the actual motor competence of children with DCD. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the actual and perceived motor competence of children with and without DCD over time and compare their engagement in physical activity. Method: Children aged 7-14 years (M=10.07, SD= 1.66, 85.3% boys) n=34 were recruited from mainstream schools via special needs coordinators. DSM5 criteria were used to identify children with and without DCD; all were also screened for ADHD and ASD. The children were followed over 2 years. Their motor competence was repeatedly assessed using the MABC2 and their perception of motor ability was simultaneously assessed using the CSAPPA. Results: The findings contrast with previous theoretical perspective, as no significant difference in perception was found between the children with DCD, including those with co-occurring ADHD or ASD, and the children with typical motor development assessed over the same time period. Meaning is discussed in relation to the model of Stodden et al. (2008) of physical activity and motor competence. Conclusion: The results suggest that a more complex explanation involving developmental maturity and other factors play a role in the children’s perception of their motor ability. This study differs from others as ecological factors were also examined. These have implications for intervention to improve the participation in physical activity for children with DCD and indicate directions for future study.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Unspecified)
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2021 06:33
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2021 00:12
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3130607