Housing, health and energy: a characterisation of risks and priorities across Delhi’s diverse settlements



Nix, Emily ORCID: 0000-0003-3331-2046, Taylor, Jonathon, Das, Payel, Ucci, Marcella ORCID: 0000-0001-5618-7247, Chalabi, Zaid, Shrubsole, Clive, Davies, Michael, Mavrogianni, Anna, Milner, James and Wilkinson, Paul
(2021) Housing, health and energy: a characterisation of risks and priorities across Delhi’s diverse settlements. Cities & Health, 5 (3). pp. 298-319.

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Abstract

Improved housing has the potential to advance health and contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals. Research examining housing, health and energy use in low-income countries is limited; understanding these connections is vital to inform interventions for healthy sustainable human settlements. This paper investigates the low-income setting of Delhi, where rapid urbanisation, a varied climate, high pollution levels, and a wide variation in housing quality could result in significant energy use and health risks. Drawing on approaches from health and the built environment and existing data and literature, a characterisation of energy use and health risks for Delhi’s housing stock is completed. Four broad settlement types were used to classify Delhi housing and energy use calculations and health risk assessment were performed for each variant. Energy use is estimated to be nearly two times higher per household among planned housing compared with other settlement types. Health risks, however, are found to be largest within informal slum settlements, with important contributions from heat and particulate matter across all settlements. This paper highlights intervention priorities and outlines the need for extensive further research, particularly through data gathering, to establish evidence to accelerate achieving healthy, sustainable and equitable housing in Delhi.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 4206 Public Health, 42 Health Sciences, Generic health relevance, 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities, 7 Affordable and Clean Energy
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2021 09:10
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2024 12:33
DOI: 10.1080/23748834.2020.1800161
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/23748834.2020.1800161
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3130814