The Role of Mitochondrial DNA Variation in Drug Response: A Systematic Review

Jones, Samantha W, Ball, Amy L, Chadwick, Amy E ORCID: 0000-0002-7399-8655 and Alfirevic, Ana ORCID: 0000-0002-2801-9817
(2021) The Role of Mitochondrial DNA Variation in Drug Response: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in Genetics, 12.

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<jats:p><jats:bold>Background:</jats:bold> The triad of drug efficacy, toxicity and resistance underpins the risk-benefit balance of all therapeutics. The application of pharmacogenomics has the potential to improve the risk-benefit balance of a given therapeutic via the stratification of patient populations based on DNA variants. A growth in the understanding of the particulars of the mitochondrial genome, alongside the availability of techniques for its interrogation has resulted in a growing body of literature examining the impact of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation upon drug response.</jats:p><jats:p><jats:bold>Objective:</jats:bold> To critically evaluate and summarize the available literature, across a defined period, in a systematic fashion in order to map out the current landscape of the subject area and identify how the field may continue to advance.</jats:p><jats:p><jats:bold>Methods:</jats:bold> A systematic review of the literature published between January 2009 and December 2020 was conducted using the PubMed database with the following key inclusion criteria: reference to specific mtDNA polymorphisms or haplogroups, a core objective to examine associations between mtDNA variants and drug response, and research performed using human subjects or human <jats:italic>in vitro</jats:italic> models.</jats:p><jats:p><jats:bold>Results:</jats:bold> Review of the literature identified 24 articles reporting an investigation of the association between mtDNA variant(s) and drug efficacy, toxicity or resistance that met the key inclusion criteria. This included 10 articles examining mtDNA variations associated with antiretroviral therapy response, 4 articles examining mtDNA variants associated with anticancer agent response and 4 articles examining mtDNA variants associated with antimicrobial agent response. The remaining articles covered a wide breadth of medications and were therefore grouped together and referred to as “other.”</jats:p><jats:p><jats:bold>Conclusions:</jats:bold> Investigation of the impact of mtDNA variation upon drug response has been sporadic to-date. Collective assessment of the associations identified in the articles was inconclusive due to heterogeneous methods and outcomes, limited racial/ethnic groups, lack of replication and inadequate statistical power. There remains a high degree of idiosyncrasy in drug response and this area has the potential to explain variation in drug response in a clinical setting, therefore further research is likely to be of clinical benefit.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2021 07:37
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2022 11:32
DOI: 10.3389/fgene.2021.698825
Open Access URL: