Optimizing the intensity and purity of a Zeeman-decelerated beam



Mohamed, Omar, Wu, Lok Yiu, Tsikritea, Andriana and Heazlewood, Brianna R ORCID: 0000-0003-2073-4004
(2021) Optimizing the intensity and purity of a Zeeman-decelerated beam. REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS, 92 (9). 093201-.

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Abstract

A pure, state-selected beam of gas-phase radicals is an important tool for the precise study of radical reactions that are astrochemically and atmospherically relevant. Generating such a beam has proven to be an ongoing challenge for the scientific community. Using evolutionary algorithms to optimize the variable experimental parameters, the passage of state- and velocity-selected hydrogen atoms can be optimized as they travel through a 12-stage Zeeman decelerator and a magnetic guide. Only H atoms traveling at the target velocity are present in the beam that reaches the detection region, from a source containing a mixture of different species. All other species-including seed gases, precursor molecules, other dissociation products, and H atoms traveling outside the target velocity-are removed from the beam. The fully optimized parameters yield a pure H-atom beam containing twice as many target particles and a narrower velocity distribution compared to beams produced when only the Zeeman decelerator is optimized. These significant improvements highlight the importance of considering the passage of all target particles in the beam as they pass through all elements of the experimental apparatus.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2021 08:41
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 21:30
DOI: 10.1063/5.0061379
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3135527