Global Burden of Animal Diseases: a novel approach to understanding and managing disease in livestock and aquaculture

Huntington, B, Bernardo, TM, Bondad-Reantaso, M, Bruce, M, Devleesschauwer, B, Gilbert, W, Grace, D, Havelaar, A, Herrero, M, Marsh, TL
et al (show 10 more authors) (2021) Global Burden of Animal Diseases: a novel approach to understanding and managing disease in livestock and aquaculture. REVUE SCIENTIFIQUE ET TECHNIQUE-OFFICE INTERNATIONAL DES EPIZOOTIES, 40 (2). pp. 567-583.

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Investments in animal health and Veterinary Services can have a measurable impact on the health of people and the environment. These investments require a baseline metric that describes the burden of animal health and welfare in order to justify and prioritise resource allocation and from which to measure the impact of interventions. This paper is part of a process of scientific enquiry in which problems are identified and solutions sought in an inclusive way. It poses the broad question: what should a system to measure the animal disease burden on society look like and what value would it add? Moreover, it aims to do this in such a way as to be accessible by a wide audience, who are encouraged to engage in this debate. Given that farmed animals, including those raised by poor smallholders, are an economic entity, this system should be based on economic principles. These poor farmers are negatively impacted by disparities in animal health technology, which can be addressed through a mixture of supply-led and demand-driven interventions, reinforcing the relevance of targeted financial support from government and non-governmental organisations. The Global Burden of Animal Diseases (GBADs) Programme will glean existing data to measure animal health losses within carefully characterised production systems. Consistent and transparent attribution of animal health losses will enable meaningful comparisons of the animal disease burden to be made between diseases, production systems and countries, and will show how it is apportioned by people's socio-economic status and gender. The GBADs Programme will produce a cloud-based knowledge engine and data portal, through which users will access burden metrics and associated visualisations, support for decisionmaking in the form of future animal health scenarios, and the outputs of wider economic modelling. The vision of GBADs, strengthening the food system for the benefit of society and the environment, is an example of One Health thinking in action.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agriculture, Aquaculture, Baseline, Burden, Economics, Gender, Global Burden of Animal Diseases Programme, Investment, Livestock, One Health, Poverty, Women farmers
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2021 09:59
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 21:25
DOI: 10.20506/rst.40.2.3246
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