Extended Condensed Ultraphosphate Frameworks with Monovalent Ions Combine Lithium Mobility with High Computed Electrochemical Stability

Han, Guopeng, Vasylenko, Andrij ORCID: 0000-0002-6933-0628, Neale, Alex R ORCID: 0000-0001-7675-5432, Duff, Benjamin B ORCID: 0000-0002-7398-5002, Chen, Ruiyong ORCID: 0000-0002-5340-248X, Dyer, Matthew S ORCID: 0000-0002-4923-3003, Dang, Yun ORCID: 0000-0002-0140-0140, Daniels, Luke M ORCID: 0000-0002-7077-6125, Zanella, Marco ORCID: 0000-0002-6164-6169, Robertson, Craig M ORCID: 0000-0002-4789-7607
et al (show 7 more authors) (2021) Extended Condensed Ultraphosphate Frameworks with Monovalent Ions Combine Lithium Mobility with High Computed Electrochemical Stability. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 143 (43). pp. 18216-18232.

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Extended anionic frameworks based on condensation of polyhedral main group non-metal anions offer a wide range of structure types. Despite the widespread chemistry and earth abundance of phosphates and silicates, there are no reports of extended ultraphosphate anions with lithium. We describe the lithium ultraphosphates Li3P5O14 and Li4P6O17 based on extended layers and chains of phosphate, respectively. Li3P5O14 presents a complex structure containing infinite ultraphosphate layers with 12-membered rings that are stacked alternately with lithium polyhedral layers. Two distinct vacant tetrahedral sites were identified at the end of two distinct finite Li6O1626- chains. Li4P6O17 features a new type of loop-branched chain defined by six PO43- tetrahedra. The ionic conductivities and electrochemical properties of Li3P5O14 were examined by impedance spectroscopy combined with DC polarization, NMR spectroscopy, and galvanostatic plating/stripping measurements. The structure of Li3P5O14 enables three-dimensional lithium migration that affords the highest ionic conductivity (8.5(5) × 10-7 S cm-1 at room temperature for bulk), comparable to that of commercialized LiPON glass thin film electrolytes, and lowest activation energy (0.43(7) eV) among all reported ternary Li-P-O phases. Both new lithium ultraphosphates are predicted to have high thermodynamic stability against oxidation, especially Li3P5O14, which is predicted to be stable to 4.8 V, significantly higher than that of LiPON and other solid electrolytes. The condensed phosphate units defining these ultraphosphate structures offer a new route to optimize the interplay of conductivity and electrochemical stability required, for example, in cathode coatings for lithium ion batteries.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2021 15:36
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 21:25
DOI: 10.1021/jacs.1c07874
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.1c07874
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3142531