An antigenically diverse, representative panel of envelope glycoproteins for HCV vaccine development

Salas, Jordan H, Urbanowicz, Richard A ORCID: 0000-0002-2461-4993, Guest, Johnathan D, Frumento, Nicole, Figueroa, Alexis, Clark, Kaitlyn E, Keck, Zhenyong, Cowton, Vanessa M, Cole, Sarah J, Patel, Arvind H
et al (show 9 more authors) (2021) An antigenically diverse, representative panel of envelope glycoproteins for HCV vaccine development. Gastroenterology, 162 (2). pp. 562-574.

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<h4>Background & aims</h4>Development of a prophylactic hepatitis C virus (HCV) vaccine will require accurate and reproducible measurement of neutralizing breadth of vaccine-induced antibodies. Currently available HCV panels may not adequately represent the genetic and antigenic diversity of circulating HCV strains, and the lack of standardization of these panels makes it difficult to compare neutralization results obtained in different studies. Here, we describe the selection and validation of a genetically and antigenically diverse reference panel of 15 HCV pseudoparticles (HCVpps) for neutralization assays.<h4>Methods</h4>We chose 75 envelope (E1E2) clones to maximize representation of natural polymorphisms observed in circulating HCV isolates, and 65 of these clones generated functional HCVpps. Neutralization sensitivity of these HCVpps varied widely. HCVpps clustered into 15 distinct groups based on patterns of relative sensitivity to 7 broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies. We used these data to select a final panel of 15 antigenically representative HCVpps.<h4>Results</h4>Both the 65 and 15 HCVpp panels span 4 tiers of neutralization sensitivity, and neutralizing breadth measurements for 7 broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies were nearly equivalent using either panel. Differences in neutralization sensitivity between HCVpps were independent of genetic distances between E1E2 clones.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Neutralizing breadth of HCV antibodies should be defined using viruses spanning multiple tiers of neutralization sensitivity rather than panels selected solely for genetic diversity. We propose that this multitier reference panel could be adopted as a standard for the measurement of neutralizing antibody potency and breadth, facilitating meaningful comparisons of neutralization results from vaccine studies in different laboratories.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cell Line, Tumor, Humans, Hepacivirus, Hepatitis C, Viral Envelope Proteins, Viral Hepatitis Vaccines, Antigens, Viral, Neutralization Tests, Reproducibility of Results, Antigenic Variation, Immunogenicity, Vaccine, Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies, Vaccine Development
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2021 08:43
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 21:25
DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2021.10.005
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