Alterations in the gut microbiota and metabolite profiles of patients with Kashin-Beck disease, an endemic osteoarthritis in China

Wang, Xi, Ning, Yujie, Li, Cheng, Gong, Yi, Huang, Ruitian, Hu, Minhan, Poulet, Blandine, Xu, Ke, Zhao, Guanghui, Zhou, Rong
et al (show 2 more authors) (2021) Alterations in the gut microbiota and metabolite profiles of patients with Kashin-Beck disease, an endemic osteoarthritis in China. CELL DEATH & DISEASE, 12 (11). 1015-.

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Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is a severe osteochondral disorder that may be driven by the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. We aimed to improve our understanding of the gut microbiota structure in KBD patients of different grades and the relationship between the gut microbiota and serum metabolites. Fecal and serum samples collected from KBD patients and normal controls (NCs) were used to characterize the gut microbiota using 16S rDNA gene and metabolomic sequencing via liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS). To identify whether gut microbial changes at the species level are associated with the genes or functions of the gut bacteria in the KBD patients, metagenomic sequencing of fecal samples from grade I KBD, grade II KBD and NC subjects was performed. The KBD group was characterized by elevated levels of Fusobacteria and Bacteroidetes. A total of 56 genera were identified to be significantly differentially abundant between the two groups. The genera Alloprevotella, Robinsoniella, Megamonas, and Escherichia_Shigella were more abundant in the KBD group. Consistent with the 16S rDNA analysis at the genus level, most of the differentially abundant species in KBD subjects belonged to the genus Prevotella according to metagenomic sequencing. Serum metabolomic analysis identified some differentially abundant metabolites among the grade I and II KBD and NC groups that were involved in lipid metabolism metabolic networks, such as that for unsaturated fatty acids and glycerophospholipids. Furthermore, we found that these differences in metabolite levels were associated with altered abundances of specific species. Our study provides a comprehensive landscape of the gut microbiota and metabolites in KBD patients and provides substantial evidence of a novel interplay between the gut microbiome and metabolome in KBD pathogenesis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Feces, Humans, Osteoarthritis, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S, Discriminant Analysis, Risk Assessment, Least-Squares Analysis, Case-Control Studies, Gene Expression Profiling, Biodiversity, Endemic Diseases, China, Metabolomics, Metagenomics, Kashin-Beck Disease, Gastrointestinal Microbiome
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2021 11:55
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 21:24
DOI: 10.1038/s41419-021-04322-2
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